2019 Atmospheric Environment in Megacities

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Global Engineering for Development, Environment and Society
Instructor(s)
Kanda Manabu  Inagaki Atsushi  Varquez Alvin Christopher 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Mon7-8(H135)  Thr7-8(H135)  
Group
-
Course number
GEG.E411
Credits
2
Academic year
2019
Offered quarter
1Q
Syllabus updated
2019/4/2
Lecture notes updated
2019/6/3
Language used
English
Access Index

Course description and aims

The atmosphere over urban areas is much more complicated than that over other land surfaces due to the effects of complex geometry of infrastructures, variable artificial heat sources, and frequent renewal of surface conditions. In the last few decades, interdisciplinary and innovative research projects have advanced the framework of urban meteorology. The advanced knowledge suggests that the urban boundary layer mostly follows the simple physical similarity law in spite of the complexity of urban surfaces, and this allows the future projection of urban atmosphere based on future global and regional socio-economic scenarios.
This course starts with the principles of numerical simulation and monitoring technologies of the urban atmosphere, and then provides recent advancements in urban meteorology including epoch-making projects and cutting edge technologies.

Student learning outcomes

Students will be able to learn the principles of numerical simulation and monitoring technologies for the urban atmosphere together with recent advancements in urban meteorology including epoch-making projects and cutting edge technologies.

Keywords

Atmospheric Environment, Megacities, Meteorology, Simulation, Monitoring

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
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Class flow

Three instructors give lectures on different topics. At the end of each class, students will have to submit the summaries. These summaries will be used for evaluation.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Numerical Simulation of the Urban Atmosphere Understand the numerical simulation technology of the Urban Atmosphere
Class 2 Monitoring of the Urban Atmosphere Understand the monitoring technology of the Urban Atmosphere
Class 3 Heat, Moisture and CO2 Flux Measurement by Urban-Tower Understand the heat, moisture and CO2 flux measured by urban-towers
Class 4 Lagrangian Human Meteorology Understand the concept, methodology and outcome of Lagrangian human meteorology
Class 5 Comprehensive Outdoor Scale MOdel Experiment (COSMO) Understand the outcomes of Comprehensive Outdoor Scale MOdel Experiment (COSMO)
Class 6 Introduction to Global Urban Climatology Understand the background and neccesity of Global Urban Climatology
Class 7 Global Urban Climatology – Overview of Methods and Tools Understand the overview of methods and tools used in Global Urban Climatology
Class 8 Global Urban Climatology – Method 2: Numerical model analyses (lecture) Understand the urban heat island condition and relevant factors in various megacities by using numerical model analyses.
Class 9 Global Urban Climatology – Method 2: Numerical model analyses (PC exercise) Understand the urban heat island condition and relevant factors in various megacities by using numerical model analyses.
Class 10 Cities and climate change Introduce current and new techniques for studying adaptation and local mitigation strategies of cities to climate change.
Class 11 Urban Boundary Layer - Overview Understand the overall features of the urban boundary layer
Class 12 Urban Boundary Layer - Similarity Theory Understand the similarity theory of the urban boundary layer
Class 13 Urban Boundary Layer - Turbulence Structure Understand the turbulence structure of the urban boundary layer
Class 14 Urban Boundary Layer – Thermal Image Velocimetry Understand the observed two dimensional turbulence structures over urban surfaces by using thermal image velocimetry
Class 15 energy imbalance problem study about how to measure sensible heat flux from the ground based on the eddy covariance method

Textbook(s)

nothing

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Nothing

Assessment criteria and methods

Report

Related courses

  • TSE.A315 : Introduction to Meteorology
  • GEG.E402 : Urban Environment

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Nothing

Other

Nothing

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