2021 Applied Engineering on Thermal Environment

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Urban Design and Built Environment
Asawa Takashi 
Course component(s)
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Course description and aims

Thermal environmental problems, including the heat island effect, have become serious in urban areas of Japan, and they are regarded as the epitome of urban environmental problems. This course proceeds followed by "Fundamental Engineering on Thermal Environment" and provides mitigation and adaptation measures for the heat island effect, in order to discuss the way to create comfortable urban environments. In particular, numerical simulation tools for urban thermal environment are introduced and the relationships between urban spatial design and comfortable thermal environment are discussed through the simulation studies.

Student learning outcomes

By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand heat island countermeasures in view of both mitigation and adaptation measures.
2) Understand fundamentals, algorithm, practical tool and visualization of thermal environment simulation, and acquire the way to apply the tool to actual cases.
3) Learn the relationships between urban spatial design and comfortable thermal environment through the simulation studies.


Urban environemnt, Thermal environment, Heat island, Numerical simulation, Thermal comfort, Environmental design

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

The class proceeds with handouts. In the latter part of the fourth class, students are given exercise problems related to the lectures. At the end of the class, students are given a report assignment related to the contents of lectures.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Thermal environment Understand the fundamental of urban thermal environment.
Class 2 Thermal environment and spatial scale Understand variation and characteristic of thermal environemnt between spatial scales.
Class 3 Mechanism of formation of thermal environment Understand the mechanism of urban thermal environment based on related equations.
Class 4 Thermal environment simulation Fundamental and mechanism Understand fundamental, theory, algorism and visualization of thermal environment simulation Midterm exam for the first halfu
Class 5 Thermal environment simulation Application and usage Acquire the way to apply the tool to actual cases
Class 6 Thermal environment desing Fundamental design Acquire the practical way to apply the tool to thermal environment design for outdoor spaces (basic design).
Class 7 Thermal eivironment desing Applied design Acquire the practical way to apply the tool to thermal environment design for outdoor spaces (advanced design).
Class 8 Summary Report

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.


Not in particular

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Not in particular

Assessment criteria and methods

Students' knowledge of thermal environment, effects of spatial scale, fundamental and application of thermal environment simulation, fundamental and application of therma environment desing will be assessed.
Midterm exam 50%, final report 50%.

Related courses

  • UDE.E404 : Basic Engineering on Thermal Environment
  • ARC.E425 : Evaluation and Design of Thermal Environment

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Students are expected to take the lecture of "Fundamental Engineering on Thermal Environment" in prior to this lecture.

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