[Summary of the lecture] This lecture introduces essential knowledge necessary for understating solid catalysis and the frameworks of industrial processes for producing main chemicals. It refers to petroleum refining, petroleum reforming, various selective oxidation processes (Wacker oxidation, synthesis of ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, aclolein and acryonitirile, phenol, telephthalic acid etc.). Students will have the chance to understand how practical chemical processes contribute to the global society.
[Aim of the lecture] Most chemical processes use catalysts. Students are requested to obtain essential knowledge and application abilities for challenging new production systems by grasping the background of useful technology based on catalysis.
At the end of this course students will be able to
(1) explain the basic concept of surface chemistry.
(2) understand textbooks, reviews, and articles written using basic terminology of catalysis chemistry.
(3) explain petroleum refining and reforming processes.
(4) explain various selective oxidation processes.
Catalysis, Solid catalyst, Catalytic process, Petroleum reforming, Environmental catalysis
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
(1) At the beginning of each class, important items explained in the previous class are reviewed.
(2) Students are given an exercise examination each for some classes to confirm the level of understanding.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Fundamentals of solid catalysis (Chemistry of solid surface; adsorption phenomenon)||Explain fundamentals of surface chemistry and adsorption phenomenon.|
|Class 2||Petroleum refining and reforming||Explain a role of solid catalyst in petroleum reforming.|
|Class 3||Solid acid catalyst (Role of bifunctional catalyst in petroleum reforming.||Explain what a bifunctional catalyst and its role in petroleum reforming.|
|Class 4||Metal catalyst for reduction||Explain catalysis of metal for reduction.|
|Class 5||Metal oxide catalyst – Selective oxidation Part 1 (Synthesis of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide)||Explain difference in the catalysis between the synthesis of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide based on the mechanism.|
|Class 6||Metal oxide catalyst – Selective oxidation Part 2 (Allyl oxidation on Bi-Mo catalyst)||Explain the representative catalyst for allyl oxidation based on the catalytic mechanism.|
|Class 7||Environmental catalysis and photocatalysis (Purification of water and air, Catalysts for automobile exhaust gas, artificial photosynthesis)||Explain photocatalysis and catalysts for automobile exhaust gas and refer to the future aspect on these technologies.|
Atarashii Shokubaikagaku, Hattori et al. Sankyo Shuppan, ISBN-13: 978-4782706886
Atarashii Kogyokagaku, Adachi et al., Kagakudojin, ISBN-13: 9784759809558
Kankyo Shokubai, Kyoritsu Shuppan, ISBN-13: 9784320088610
Shokubai•Hikari-Shokubai no Kagaku Nyuumon, Yamashita et al., Koudannsha Scientific, ISBN-13: 9784061543478
(1) Term-end examination (85%), level of class participation (15%).
(2) The evaluation will be based on the targets by 1) 30, 2) 30, 3) 20, and 4) 20 points.
(3) The level of class participation will be calculated by discussion, small examination and so on in the lecture.
(4) Attendance to all the classes is required.
The condition of the study will not be made, but it is desirable to study Physical Chemistry I (Thermodynamics), Physical Chemistry II (Chemical Equilibrium), and Physical Chemistry III (Kinetics).