[Summary of the course] In this course, students will learn aspects of solid state chemistry, including the arrangement of defects in crystal structures, the electronic structures of insulators and metals, the principles of magnetism and conductivity, and the basic principles of semiconductor devices.
[Aim of the course] A part of materials science and solid state chemistry have been historically developed for understanding various properties of solids from the viewpoint of physics and chemistry, respectively. For the students who studied Inorganic Chemistry (Materials Science), it is possible to associate the physical properties of solids with the chemical properties of the atoms and molecules by learning the chemical properties of solids. Then, by knowing examples of certain physical properties used as the functions in the telecommunication and energy creation processes, they develop ability to create useful materials from the atoms and molecules. In this course, students first learn typical physical properties and functions of the inorganic compounds. Then, they learn synthesis techniques and specific properties of nanostructures.
At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) explain that the physical properties and functions of simple ionic solids and functions is derived from the intrinsic crystal structure and electron state of the materials, with reference to basic knowledge about the nature of elements and chemical bonding.
2) explain synthesis techniques, certain properties, and device functions of nanomaterials.
3) discuss the principles of certain functions that work during the telecommunication and energy creation processes
Defects, nonstoichiometry, solid solutions, transition-metal oxides, magnetism, electrical conduction, superconductors, semiconductors, complex oxides, nanotechnology, transistors, light-emitting diodes
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
This course will proceed in the following order: (1) defect chemistry, (2) magnetism, (3) electrical conduction, and (4) nanomaterials. In the last day, exercise problems and interpretation of the answers will be given to assess the students’ level of understanding.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Defect chemistry||Explain types and structures of the defects in solids.|
|Class 2||Electronic states of ionic solids||Explain that the physical properties and functions of simple ionic solids and functions is derived from the intrinsic crystal structure and electron state of the materials, with reference to basic knowledge about the nature of elements and chemical bonding.|
|Class 3||Magnetisms and magnetic interactions||Explain types of magnetism and magnetic interactions in the transition-metal oxides with the characteristic spin configurations.|
|Class 4||Electrical conduction||Explain the origin and principles of the electrical conduction (metallic conduction, semiconducting, superconducting).|
|Class 5||Nanomaterials and their properties||Explain synthesis techniques based on bottom-up and top-down approaches.|
|Class 6||Semiconductor devices||Explain principle and functionality of semiconductor devices.|
|Class 7||Exercise problems to assess the students’ level of understanding and interpretation of the answers||Use the exercise problems to better understand the topics covered, and evaluate one’s own progress.|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
P. Atkins, T. Overton, J. Rourke, M. Weller, F. Armstrong, "Inorganic Chemistry", 6th Ed., Oxford University Press; ISBN: 978-0199641826.
R. J. D. Tilley, "Understanding Solids: The Science of Materials", 2nd Ed., Wiley; ISBN: 978-1-118-42328-8.
The other course materials are provided during class and uploaded on OCW-i.
Students will be assessed on their achievements of learning outcomes based on final exam (85%) and exercise problems (15%).
No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related courses (Inorganic Chemistry II (Chemical Reactions and Structures of Solids) (CAP.B222), Inorganic Chemistry (Materials Science) (CAP.B223)) is desirable.
Akira Ohtomo: aohtomo[at]apc.titech.ac.jp
Contact by e-mail in advance to schedule an appointment.