This course covers important basic knowledge, measurement methods, principles of apparatuses, and detailed analysis methods of infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, molecular weight measurements, scattering methods, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for the characterization of polymer compounds. The instructor assigns exercise problems for the analysis of various measurements, and students develop the ability to apply it when actually performing the experimental measurements.
Characterization is essential when synthesizing organic materials, including polymeric compounds, and examining their structure and physical properties. Students will acquire the ability to apply various measurements and analyze the obtained measured results for the determination of molecular structures and assembled structures for polymers. Students will gain an understanding of how the characteristic properties of polymers appear in various measurements.
At the end of this course, students will be able to
1) Explain the fundamentals of spectroscopy.
2) Understand Infrared spectroscopy, and interpret the spectrum.
3) Explain the basis of X-ray diffraction, and understand measurement results.
4) Explain the molecular weight of polymers and scattering measurements.
5) Explain the principle of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and analyze the spectrum.
Spectroscopic Analysis, Spectrum, Infrared Spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction, Molecular Weight, Scattering Measurement, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Mass Spectroscopy
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
In each class, the instructor explains basic knowledge. In the last 15 minutes of each class, students are given exercise problems related to what is taught on that day in order to ensure understanding of the course content and develop their ability to solve problems.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||X-ray Diffraction: Diffraction Condition and Reciprocal Lattice. (Masatoshi Tokita)||Explain diffraction condition and reciprocal lattice.|
|Class 2||X-ray Diffraction: Diffraction Intensity, Structure Factor, and Extinction Rule. (Masatoshi Tokita)||Explain and derive diffraction intensity, structure factor, and extinction rule.|
|Class 3||Fundamentals of Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy. (Shinji Ando)||Explain the fundamentals of spectroscopic analysis and spectrum, and those of Infrared spectroscopy.|
|Class 4||Infrared Spectroscopy. (Shinji Ando)||Explain applied infrared spectroscopy and polarized infrared spectroscopy.|
|Class 5||Molecular Weight of Polymers and Scattering Measurements. (Shuichi Nojima)||Explain molecular weights and distribution, and scattering measurements.|
|Class 6||Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Overview and Principle, Chemical Shift, and Spin Coupling. (Hidemine Furuya)||Explain measurement principles and methods, apparatuses, chemical shift, and spin coupling.|
|Class 7||Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectral Analysis. (Hidemine Furuya)||Explain spectral analysis and solve exercise problems.|
|Class 8||Overall Exercises and Final Examination. (Hidemine Furuya)||Evaluate comprehension and do final examination.|
Ogawa, Keiichiro. Kanbara, Kazuhisa. Murada, Shigeru. Spectral Analysis of Organic Compounds to Learn the Basics, Tokyo Kagaku Doujin, ISBN978-4-8079-0685-7 (in Japanese), and materials are provided during class.
Chihara, Hideaki. Nakamura, Norio. Trans. P. Atkins, J. de Pauls, Physical Chemistry, Eight Ed. Tokyo Kagaku Doujin, ISBN978-4-8079-0696-3 (in Japanese)
Students' knowledge for fundamentals of various spectroscopies and analysis methods will be assessed.
Final exams 80%, exercise problems 20%.
No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in courses related to polymer science is desirable.