2021 Physics and Chemistry of Semiconductors

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Materials Science and Engineering
Majima Yutaka  Hiramatsu Hidenori 
Class Format
Media-enhanced courses
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue1-2()  Fri1-2()  
Course number
Academic year
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Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
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Course description and aims

The instructors lecture on semiconductor theory necessary for actual materials researchers, including from solid state physics to the intuitive understanding necessary for materials research. The first 7 classes cover from the fundamental electronic structure of semiconductors, semiconductor doping, the Fermi level, and statistical distribution functions, to PN junctions. The last 7 classes concentrate on the operational principles of semiconductor devices such as solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and field-effect transistors.
The purpose of this course is to provide students a basis of semiconductor theory, devices, and electronic structures of semiconductors which forms the basis for materials researchers advancing research in semiconductor materials.

Student learning outcomes

[Objective] The objective of this lecture is to understand how to examine properties of semiconductor materials, which is necessary for materials researchers.
[Subject] From the view point of materials science, the essence for semiconductor physics, devices, and material design will be reviewed. It will be focused on understanding and mastering operation principle of representative electronic devices, their structures, and method of characterizations rather than details of semiconductor physics.


Semiconductor Physics, Semiconductor Devices, Development of Novel Semiconductor Materials

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

The topic changes every class. There will be exercises.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Basis of Band Structure in Semiconductor Understand basis of band structure in semiconductor
Class 2 Density of States and Fermi-Energy Understand density of states and Fermi energy
Class 3 Electron in Periodical Potential Structure Understand Electron in Periodical Potential Structure
Class 4 Doping Understand doping
Class 5 Electron Transport Mechanisms: Drift and Diffusion Understand electron transport mechanisms of drift and diffusion
Class 6 Continuity Equation of Minority Carrier Understand continuity equation of minority carrier
Class 7 PN Junction Understand PN junction
Class 8 Outline of Semiconductor Devices Understand outline of semiconductor devices
Class 9 Light-Emitting Diodes Understand light-emitting diodes
Class 10 Photovoltaic Cells and Photodiodes Understand photovoltaic cells and photodiodes
Class 11 Bipolar Transistors and Field Effect Transistors Understand bipolar transistors and field effect transistors
Class 12 Photoelectron Spectroscopies and their Application Understand photoelectron spectroscopies and their application
Class 13 Band Line-up Understand band line-up
Class 14 Semiconductor Materials Design I Understand semiconductor materials design
Class 15 Semiconductor Materials Design II Understand semiconductor materials design

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.


Refer to either of the following reference books.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Physics of Semiconductor Devices, S. M. Sze and Kwok. K. NG, Wiley Third edition

Assessment criteria and methods

Assessment is based on the quality of exercise problems (100%).

Related courses

  • MAT.A201 : Fundamentals of Electrical Science and Engineering
  • MAT.C203 : Statistical Mechanics (Ceramics course)
  • MAT.C202 : Crystal and Phonon
  • MAT.C305 : Semiconductor Materials and Device
  • MAT.C306 : Dielectric Materials Science
  • MAT.C310 : Mathematical Methods for Materials Science
  • MAT.C402 : Quantum Physics in Optical Response of Materials
  • MAT.C414 : Introduction to Solid State Science
  • MAT.C507 : Advanced Photo-Electronic Devices

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Students are encouraged to complete the related courses.

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