The discussion on phase stability is imperative for manufacturing materials having the requisite properties and specifications. This course addresses principles of thermodynamics, including phase diagram, equilibrium electrochemistry, ellingham diagram, and related basic physical chemistry. This course provides fundamental knowledge on thermodynamics for materials processing and evaluation.
By the end of this course, students will be able to
1) Understand fundamentals of thermodynamics
2) Acquire the knowledge on the phase transition or phase stability
3) Apply the knowledge on thermodynamics to materials processing or evaluation.
internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, free energy, chemical potential, phase diagram, chemical equilibrium
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
15 lectures are held including excise.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||The properties of gases (perfect and actual gases, equation of state)||Fundamental properties of gases are presented.|
|Class 2||The first law of thermodynamics 1 (heat, work, internal energy)||The first law of thermodynamics is introduced. Thermodynamical concepts on heat, work and internal energy are explained.|
|Class 3||The first law of thermodynamics 2 (thermodynamic function of state、enthalpy)||Thermodynamic function of state is derived and concept on entropy is explained.|
|Class 4||The first law of thermodynamics 3 (heat capacity, adiabatic condition, thermochemistry)||Thermodynamical concepts on heat capacity and adiabatic condition are explained. Then understanding of the whole picture of the first law of thermodynamics is developed.|
|Class 5||The second and third laws of thermodynamics (spontaneous change, entropy)||The second and third laws of thermodynamics is explained and the relation between spontaneous change and entropy is presented.|
|Class 6||Free energy (Gibbs and Helmholtz)||Introduction of two free energies (Gibbs and Helmholtz)|
|Class 7||Chemical potential and fugacity||The meanings of chemical potential and fugacity are presented.|
|Class 8||Mid-term review exercise||Mid-term review exercise (from the 1st to the 7th lecture)|
|Class 9||Physical transformations of pure substances (phase stability of single phase)||The relation between phase transition and free energy change is presented.|
|Class 10||Simple mixtures 1 (partial molar amount, chemical potential of multiple phases)||Introduction to thermodynamics with multi-phase.|
|Class 11||Thermodynamics of ideal solutions||the property of ideal solutions and various colligative properties are presented.|
|Class 12||Non-ideal solution and activity||Introduction to activity.|
|Class 13||Gibbs phase rule and phase diagram||The meaning of Gibbs phase rule and reading way of phase diagram are presented.|
|Class 14||Chemical equilibrium 1 (equilibrium constant and Le Chatelier's law)||Equilibrium constant and Le Chatelier's law on various chemical reaction are presented.|
|Class 15||Chemical equilibrium 2 (acid/base and electrochemistry)||Acid/base and electrochemistry from the viewpoint of thermodynamics are presented.|
P. Atkins, J. de Paula, Physical chemistry, 8th edition
Original materials and problem sets will be presented and handed by the instructor.
Assignments, Mid-term review exercise and Final exam
Fundamental understanding of chemical thermodynamics given by chemistry courses for B1 students.