2017 Thermodynamics of Materials b

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Materials Science and Engineering
Nakajima Akira  Kawaji Hitoshi  Susa Masahiro  Kawamura Kenichi  Tada Eiji  Ueda Mitsutoshi  Kobayashi Yoshinao  Hayashi Miyuki 
Class Format
Media-enhanced courses
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue7-8(S622)  Fri7-8(S622)  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
Language used
Access Index

Course description and aims

The discussion on phase stability is imperative for manufacturing materials having the requisite properties and specifications. This course addresses principles of thermodynamics, including phase diagram, equilibrium electrochemistry, ellingham diagram, and related basic physical chemistry. This course provides fundamental knowledge on thermodynamics for materials processing and evaluation.

Student learning outcomes

By the end of this course, students will be able to
1) Understand fundamentals of thermodynamics
2) Acquire the knowledge on the phase transition or phase stability
3) Apply the knowledge on thermodynamics to materials processing or evaluation.


internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, free energy, chemical potential, phase diagram, chemical equilibrium

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

15 lectures are held including excise.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 The properties of gases (perfect and actual gases, equation of state) Fundamental properties of gases are presented.
Class 2 The first law of thermodynamics 1 (heat, work, internal energy) The first law of thermodynamics is introduced. Thermodynamical concepts on heat, work and internal energy are explained.
Class 3 The first law of thermodynamics 2 (thermodynamic function of state、enthalpy) Thermodynamic function of state is derived and concept on entropy is explained.
Class 4 The first law of thermodynamics 3 (heat capacity, adiabatic condition, thermochemistry) Thermodynamical concepts on heat capacity and adiabatic condition are explained. Then understanding of the whole picture of the first law of thermodynamics is developed.
Class 5 The second and third laws of thermodynamics (spontaneous change, entropy) The second and third laws of thermodynamics is explained and the relation between spontaneous change and entropy is presented.
Class 6 Free energy (Gibbs and Helmholtz) Introduction of two free energies (Gibbs and Helmholtz)
Class 7 Chemical potential and fugacity The meanings of chemical potential and fugacity are presented.
Class 8 Mid-term review exercise Mid-term review exercise (from the 1st to the 7th lecture)
Class 9 Physical transformations of pure substances (phase stability of single phase) The relation between phase transition and free energy change is presented.
Class 10 Simple mixtures 1 (partial molar amount, chemical potential of multiple phases) Introduction to thermodynamics with multi-phase.
Class 11 Thermodynamics of ideal solutions the property of ideal solutions and various colligative properties are presented.
Class 12 Non-ideal solution and activity Introduction to activity.
Class 13 Gibbs phase rule and phase diagram The meaning of Gibbs phase rule and reading way of phase diagram are presented.
Class 14 Chemical equilibrium 1 (equilibrium constant and Le Chatelier's law) Equilibrium constant and Le Chatelier's law on various chemical reaction are presented.
Class 15 Chemical equilibrium 2 (acid/base and electrochemistry) Acid/base and electrochemistry from the viewpoint of thermodynamics are presented.


P. Atkins, J. de Paula, Physical chemistry, 8th edition

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Original materials and problem sets will be presented and handed by the instructor.

Assessment criteria and methods

Assignments, Mid-term review exercise and Final exam

Related courses

  • LAS.C107 : Basic Chemical Thermodynamics

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Fundamental understanding of chemical thermodynamics given by chemistry courses for B1 students.

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