This course focuses on the understanding of the dielectric materials and organic devices. Topics include microscopic origin of the polarization, relationship with macroscopic dielectric constant, dielectric dispersion, electronic conduction in the dielectrics and the application of the dielectric materials. And also include fundamentals of organic semiconductor, electronic conduction mechanism, and various organic device applications. The course enables students to understand and acquire the fundamentals of dielectric materials and devices.
Dielectrics are one of the key materials to fabricate electronic devices. Organic semiconductor basically has a nature of dielectric materials because of low carrier density. Therefore the deep understanding of the dielectric materials is also necessary to study such state-of-art devices. I hope students have an interest in the electronic phenomena in various materials.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand the polarization of material, the origin of dielectric constant and dielectric dispersion.
2) Give specific applications of dielectric materials.
3) Explain the model of electronic conduction in the dielectrics and organic semiconductors.
4) Explain the operating principles of various organic devices.
polarization, dielectric constant, dielectric dispersion, ferroelectric materials, organic semiconductor, carrier transport, organic transistor, organic electroluminescent device, organic solar cell
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
At the beginning of each class, the lecture in the previous class will be reviewed. Students are requested to find and introduce topical papers. Students are given exercise problems related to the lectures.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Fundamentals of materials and polarization||Understand chemical bonds, electrostatic interaction and the origin of electric polarization.|
|Class 2||Polarization in dielectric materials 1||Understand transient response of polarization and local field.|
|Class 3||Polarization in dielectric materials 2||Understand molecular theory of dielectrics and various polarization|
|Class 4||Measurement of dynamic polarization||Understand Cole-Cole plot, impedance spectroscopy and dielectric dispersion|
|Class 5||Carrier injection and transport in dielectrics||Understand the energy structure of dielectrics, electrical contact between metal and dielectrics and various electrical conduction|
|Class 6||Ferroelectrics, Application of dielectric materials||Understand symmetry of crystals, ferroelectric phenomena (incl. how to measure) and application of dielectrics|
|Class 7||Organic semiconductor materials 1||Understand the history of organic semiconductor, the electronic structure of organic semiconductors and the difference between inorganic and organic semiconductors|
|Class 8||Organic semiconductor materials 2||Understand carrier transport in OSC (incl. band transport, polaron transport) and mobility measurements|
|Class 9||Literature review||Discussion based on papers of organic devices|
|Class 10||Organic thin-film transistor (OTFT)||Understand the device operation of OTFT, fabrication of OTFT and development (history) of OTFT research|
|Class 11||Organic light emitting diode and Organic solar cell 1||Understand the operation mechanism of OEL and its application|
|Class 12||Organic light emitting diode and Organic solar cell 2||Understand the operation mechanism of organic solar cells and its application|
|Class 13||Measurement technique for organic devices||Understand various techniques for organic devices (incl. TRM-SHG, mobility anisotropy, CMS)|
|Class 14||Test level of understanding with exercise problems and summary of the course||Test level of understanding and self-evaluate achievement for the class.|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
No specific textbooks. All lecture notes can be downloaded from OCW.
Electronic processes in organic crystals and polymers / Martin Pope, Charles E. Swenberg
Based on mid-term report and end-term examination (or end-term report), quizzes carried out during the classes. Evaluation ratio between examination (or reports) and quizzes are 80:20.
Nothing in particular, other than general physics of undergraduate level.