2016 Magnetism and Spintronics

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Instructor(s)
Nakagawa Shigeki  Pham Nam Hai 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue5-6(S224)  Fri5-6(S224)  
Group
-
Course number
EEE.D511
Credits
2
Academic year
2016
Offered quarter
3Q
Syllabus updated
2016/4/27
Lecture notes updated
2016/11/15
Language used
English
Access Index

Course description and aims

The magnetic dipole moment of electrons originates from their orbital and spin degrees of freedom. In magnetism, the macroscopic ordering of magnetic dipole moments is controlled for applications to magnetic recording. On the other hand, spintronics deals with spin-polarized currents for applications to magnetic sensors and magnetic random access memory.
In this course, magnetic and spintronic properties of solids are lectured based on quantum mechanics and solid state physics. Fundamental theories of magnetism (paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism), and spintronic phenomena (anisotropic magnetoresistance, giant magnetoresistance, tunneling magnetoresistance, spin Hall effect, and spin injection to semiconductors) will be lectured. Magnetic and spintronic devices (magnetic recording, magnetic sensor, MRAM, semiconductor spintronic device) will be explained.

Student learning outcomes

By the end of this course, students will be able to understand the principles of magnetism and spintronics as the basics of magnetic and spintronic devices, such as magnetic recording, magnetic sensors, and magnetic random access memory (MRAM), and semiconductor spintronic device.
1) Understand fundamentals of magnetism (paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, antiferromagnetism, ferrimagnetism)
2) Understand magnetic anisotropy, magnetic domain and magnetic hysteresis.
3)Understand the anisotropic magnetoresistance effect and its application to magnetic sensor
4)Understand various spin-dependent transport phenomena (giant magnetoresistance, tunneling magnetoresistance, spin Hall effect)
5)Understand the device structure, operating principle, and materials of magnetoresistive memory (MRAM)
6)Understand the spin-torque transfer phenomenon as a new data writing mechanism of MRAM
7)Understand the concept, device structures and materials of semiconductor spintronics
8)Understand the crystal growth, magnetic properties and future prospects of ferromagnetic semiconductors

Keywords

Ferromagnets, magnetic recording, magnetic sensor, anisotropic magnetoresistance, giant magnetoresistance, tunneling magnetoresistance, MRAM, ferromagnetic semiconductor

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
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Class flow

If there are assignments, their solutions will be reviewed in the first half of the next class.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Angular momentum of electrons (orbital and spin) as magnetic dipoles Understanding that angular momentums of electron, such as orbit and spin, are regarded as origins of atomic magnetic dipole moment.
Class 2 Magnetic ordering phenomena I (paramagnetism)  Evaluation of a magnitude of magnetic dipole moment of an atom. Considering paramagnetism as the most simple alignment of magnetic dipole moments under a magnetic field.
Class 3 Magnetic ordering phenomena II (exchange interaction and ferromagnetism) Molecular field theory and a consideration of an exchange interaction of electrons as the origin of ferromagnetism.
Class 4 Magnetic ordering phenomena III (antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism) Understanding of the anti-parallel alignment of magnetic moments as the origin of anti-ferro and ferrimagnetism.
Class 5 Magnetic anisotropy  Variety of magnetic anisotropies of materials and their origins.
Class 6 Magnetic domain and magnetization process Understanding the magnetic domain and technical-magnetization process.
Class 7 Spin-dependent scattering phenomenon: anisotropic magnetoresistance effect Introduction of carrier scattering mechanism based on spin degree of freedom of electrons and the basis of its applications.
Class 8 Application of magnetic thin films and particles, magnetic recording and sensors Characteristics of magnetic thin films and particles for applications to magnetic recording, memories and sensors.
Class 9 Spin-dependent transport phenomena I: Giant magnetoresistance effect  - Giant magnetoresistance in ferromagnetic metal / non-magnetic metal / ferromagnetic metal artificial lattices Explain the giant magnetoresistance effect and its microscopic mechanism
Class 10 Spin-dependent transport phenomena II: Tunneling magnetoressitance effect - Tunneling magnetoresistance effect in ferromagnet / insulator / ferromagnet magnetic tunnel junctions Explain the tunneling magnetoresistance effect and its microscopic mechanism
Class 11 Spin-dependent transport phenomena III: Spin Hall effect - Spin Hall effect due to intrinsic / extrinsic mechanism Explain the Spin Hall effect and its microscopic mechanism
Class 12 Magnetoresistive memory (MRAM) I: structure and operating principle - MRAM device structure, operating principle, and materials Explain the device structure, operating principle, and materials of MRAM
Class 13 Magnetoresistive memory (MRAM) II: spin-torque transfer - Spin-torque transfer as a new data writing mechnism for MRAM Explain the spin-torque transfer phenomenon as a new data writing mechanism for MRAM
Class 14 Semiconductor spintronics I: spin injection into semiconductors - Introduction to semiconductor spintronics: concept, device structure and materials Explain the concept, device structures and materials of semiconductor spintronics
Class 15 Semiconductor spintronics II: ferromagnetic semiconductors - Introduction to ferromagnetic semiconductors: crystal growth, magnetic properties and future prospects. Explain the crystal growth, magnetic properties and future prospects of ferromagnetic semiconductors

Textbook(s)

None required.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Charles, Kittel. Introduction to Solid State Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN-13: 978-0471415268
Chikazumi, Soshin. Physics of Ferromagnetism. Oxford University Press. ISBN-13: 978-0199564811
Stephen, Blundel. Magnetism in Condensed Matter. Oxford University Press. ISBN-13: 978-0198505914

Assessment criteria and methods

Students will be assessed on their understanding of types of magnetism, spin-dependent scattering and transport phenomena in magnetic materials, and their applications to spintronics. Students’ course scores are based on final exams (40%) and exercise problems (60%).

Related courses

  • EEE.D201 : Quantum Mechanics

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Students must have successfully completed the course "Quantum mechanics(EEE.D201)" or have equivalent knowledge.

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