This course provides students with basic knowledge of crystals and hierarchical structures that form in the solid state of typical polymer materials, as well as phase transition phenomena and crystallization phenomena. The instructor also explains the principles of specific experimental techniques and analysis techniques for examining the solid structure of polymers, as well as providing physicochemical basics related to characteristic thermal, electrical, and optical properties shown by polymer solids.
When using polymer substances as materials, it is necessary to understanding their characteristic solid structure and properties. Polymer solids form a variety of aggregate structures based on the influence of first order molecular structures and molecular interaction, as well as external environmental influences such as temperature and pressure. For structures formed by polymers in the solid state, students study their characteristics and what measurement methods should be used to examine them. Further, students study how the thermal, electrical, and optical properties shown by polymers in the solid state relate to their solid structure. Students from other graduate majors are also provided with the opportunity to become familiar with the basics of solid structure and properties of polymers.
This course is for students without a background in polymer science. Students learn basic knowledge about solid structure properties from polymer physics. Specifically they will acquire the following skills.
1. Be able to explain the hierarchical structure of polymer crystals
2. Be able to explain polymer structures, and measurement and analysis methods for degree of crystallization and orientation
3. Be able to explain the crystal structure and transition behavior of typical polymers
4. Be able to explain the mechanical properties and crystallization behavior of polymer crystals
5. Be able to explain phase-separated structure and orientation structure
6. Be able to explain melting phenomena and glass transition
7. Be able to explain principles and phenomena of electrical properties
8. Be able to explain principles of optical properties
Hierarchical structure, Lamellae, Spherulites, Extended Chain Crystals, X-ray Diffraction, Vibrational Spectroscopy, NMR, Scattering Measurement, Microscopy, Orientational Order, Crystallization Degree, Polymer Crystals, Young's Modulus, Crystallization, Microphase Separation Structures, Melting, Glass Transition, Dielectric Properties, Piezoelectricity, Birefringence
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Class is proceeded in accordance with the textbook. At the beginning of each class, solutions to exercise problems assigned during the previous class are reviewed. In the last 15 minite of each class, students are given exercise problems related to what is taught on that day.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Solid State Structure of Polymers - Fundamentals and Hierarchical Structure of the Assembles.||Explain hierarchical structure of polymer crystals, folding chain crystal (lamellae, spherulites), extended chain crystals.|
|Class 2||Experimental Techniques and Analysis for Structures of Polymers - Diffraction Measurement, Vibrational Spectroscopy, NMR, Scattering Measurement, Microscopy, Orientational Order and Crystallization Degree.||Explain measurement methods of polymer structures and measurements and analysis of crystallization degree and orientational order.|
|Class 3||Structures and Phase Transition of Typical Polymers - Polyethylene, Polyester, Polyimide, Ferroelectric Polymer, Stiff Polymers.||Explain crystals structures and crystal structure transition of typical polymers.|
|Class 4||Properties of Polymer Crystals and Crystallization Phenomenon -Young's Modulus, Melt Crystallization, Solution Crystallization, Crystallization in the Molding Process.||Explain mechanical properties of polymer crystals and crystallization behavior.|
|Class 5||Structures and Phase Transition of Block Copolymers, Liquid Crystalline Polymers, and Polymer Complexes - Microphase Separation Structures, Orientation Structures, Solvation Structures, Solid State Transition.||Explanation of the characteristics of aggregate structures and phase transitions|
|Class 6||Thermal Properties of Polymers -Thermal Measurements, Melting Phenomenon, Glass Transition.||Explain melting behavior and glass transition of polymers.|
|Class 7||Fundamentals of Electric and Optical Properties of Polymers - Dielectric Properties, Piezoelectricity, Ferroelectricity, Electrically Conductive, Electric Properties, Refractive Index and Birefringence, Light Transmission.||Explain fundamentals of electric and optical properties.|
|Class 8||Electric and Optical Phenomena of Polymers and Overall Exercises||Explain electric and optical phenomena of polymers and evaluate achievement for classes.|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Society of Polymer Science, Japan eds. Kisokoubunnshikagak, Chap. 4, Chap. 5 Sec. 2 and 3, Tokyo Kagaku Dojin, ISBN4-8079-0635-6 (In Japanese)
Hiromi Kitano et.al, Chemistry of Polymers, Sankyoshuppan, ISBN978-4-7827-0544-5 (In Japanese)
Junji Watanabe eds., Polymer linked more and more from molecules to materials: organize the fragmented knowledge, Maruzen, ISBN978-4621081808 (In Japanese)
Students' knowledge for fundamentals of solid state structures and properties for polymers, experimental methods and analysis will be assessed.
Reports (paper or oral) 70%, exercise problems 30%.
Atsushi Shishido: ashishid[at]res.titech.ac.jp
Keiji Nagai: nagai.k.ae[at]m.titech.ac.jp
After class, or contact by e-mail in advance to schedule an appointment.