Evolution of the Earth and planets is learned through geophysics and earth material sciences.
At the end of this course, students will acquire the basic knowledge to learn solid state Earth and planetary sciences.
Earth, plate, crust, mantle, core, tide, earthquake
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Before coming to class, students should read the course schedule and prepare for the topics with handouts and references.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||General introduction and plate tectonics||To investigate the characteristic topography on the Earth's surface|
|Class 2||Earth's materials and phase transition 1~ mantle||To investigate the structure of the Earth's mantle and constituent minerals in each layer.|
|Class 3||Earth's materials and phase transition 2~ core||To investigate the structure of the Earth's core and constituent materials in each layer.|
|Class 4||Earth's materials and phase transition 2~ core||To investigate the structure of the Earth's core and constituent materials in each layer.|
|Class 5||Magmatism (igneous rocks)||To investigate the creation process of igneous rocks.|
|Class 6||Interaction between atmosphere, ocean, and solid Earth (sedimentary rocks)||To investigate the creation process of sedimetary rocks.|
|Class 7||Collision of continents (metamorphic rocks)||To investigate the creation process of sedimetary rocks.|
|Class 8||Introduction of planetary material science||To investigate the structure, constituent materials, and tectonics of terrestrial planets.|
|Class 9||Evolution of the Earth-Moon system: Ocean tide||The ocean tide is determined from the balance between the centrifugal and gravitational forces in the Earth-Moon system.|
|Class 10||Evolution of the Earth-Moon system: Tidal potential||Tidal potential is mathematically expressed.|
|Class 11||Magnetic fields of the Earth and planets||Mangetic field observations of the Earth and planets are explained with fundamental dynamo theory.|
|Class 12||Plate tectonics: relative and abolute motions||Determination of the plate motion is studied.|
|Class 13||Fracture of rocks and fault formation||Applying fundamental elastic theory, fracture of rocks and formation of faults are studied.|
|Class 14||Propagation of seismic waves: Fundamental theory||Various siesmic waves and their propagation are studied.|
|Class 15||Earthquakes and volcanoes||Seismo and volcano-tectonics are studies.|
Materials necessary for the class will be given.
Score is determined with attendance and several reports on the subject related to the lecture.
Physics and mathematics in the first grade should be understood.