2018 Thermodynamics (EPS course)

Font size  SML

Register update notification mail Add to favorite lecture list
Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Earth and Planetary Sciences
Omori Soichi  Yokoyama Tetsuya  Ueno Yuichiro  Ohta Kenji 
Class Format
Lecture / Exercise     
Media-enhanced courses
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue7-8(I2-318, Ishikawadai Bldg. 2, 318 room)  Fri7-8(I2-318, Ishikawadai Bldg. 2, 318 room)  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
Language used
Access Index

Course description and aims

The Earth is a complex multicomponent system, though each component of the Earth system is largely controlled by physical and chemical processes. For example, the formation of rocks or minerals can be described by the thermodynamics of magma, which can be formulated as functions of temperature, pressure, and chemical composition. This course consists of basic and application classes. The first seven classes focus on fundamental laws and thermodynamic potentials. The second half of the course focuses on applications of aqueous chemistry, thermodynamics of rocks and minerals through lectures and solving problem sets.

Student learning outcomes

At the end of the basic classes, students will understand the first law, the second law, and various thermodynamic potentials. Students will be able to solve basic problems related to such fundamental issues.
At the end of the application classes, students will acquire the ability to use thermodynamics for solving geochemical problems.


Equation of state, The first law, The second law, Free energy, Phase rule, Aqueous solution, Solid solution, Paragenesis of minerals

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Before coming to class, students should read the course schedule and prepare for the topics with handouts and references.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Introduction Introduction to thermodynamics
Class 2 Basic of thermodynamics Understanding basic of thermodynamics
Class 3 Free energy Understanding free energy
Class 4 Equation of state Understanding equation of state for solid and gas phases
Class 5 Thermodynamics of solid solution Understanding thermodynamics of solid solution
Class 6 Thermodynamics of aqueous solution Understanding thermodynamical treatment for aqueous solution
Class 7 Exercise-Basic Solve problems of thermodynamics concerning the first law and the second law.
Class 8 Phase equilibrium of multicomponent system (1) Understanding the phase rule
Class 9 Phase equilibrium of multicomponent system (2) Understanding the derivation of reaction formula
Class 10 Phase equilibrium of multicomponent system (3) Understanding the calculation of equilibrium
Class 11 Exercise-Application (1) Learn how to draw phase diagram
Class 12 Evaluation of thermodynamic constants Learn how to evaluate thermodynamic constants
Class 13 Gibbs energy minimization method Understanding the Gibbs energy minimization method
Class 14 Exercise-Application (2) Phase equilibrium calculations
Class 15 Exam Solve problems


Handouts will be provided during class

Reference books, course materials, etc.

P.W. Atkins "Atkins' Physical chemistry 10th edition" Oxford University Press
Etsuo Uchida "Thermodynamics in Mineralogy and Petrology" Kyoritsu Shuppan (in japanese)
Sadao Matsuo "Geochemistry" Kodansha (in Japanese)

Assessment criteria and methods

Students will be assessed on their understanding for the thermodynamics of water, rocks, and minerals.
Students' course scores are based on final exam (65%) and exercises (35%).

Related courses

  • EPS.B211 : Inorganic Chemistry (EPS course)
  • EPS.A201 : Introduction to Material Sciences of Earth and Planet
  • CHM.B334 : Geochemistry
  • EPS.A331 : Earth Materials

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

No prerequisite

Page Top