This lecture discusses the fundamentals and applications of inorganic materials, their crystal structures and their structure-property correlations. In this lecture, I describe the experimental techniques such as X-ray powder diffraction, synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction and Raman scattering, which are important in the characterization of industrial materials. I also present the analysis techniques as Rietveld method and maximum-entropy method. We discuss the structure-property correlation of materials for clean energy and environments (solid oxide fuel cells, exhaust gas catalyst) and ferroelectric materials.
By this lecture, the students aim to understand the crystal structure of inorganic materials at an atomic scale, to discuss the correlation between structure and properties, and to design the materials.
You will be able …
1) to understand the structure and property of inorganic materials at an atomic scale and at an electronic level
2) to understand the literature including the crystallographic data and results of crystal structure analysis.
3) to draw and understand the crystal structure
4) to estimate the interatomic distances, bond angles, coordination number and bond valence sum (BVS).
inorganic materials, crystal structures, structure-property correlations, X-ray powder diffraction, synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, industrial materials, Rietveld method, maximum-entropy method, materials for clean energy and environments, materials for solid oxide fuel cells, exhaust gas catalyst, ferroelectric materials
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Students need to download, print out and study the slides before each lecture. The lecture is done using the slides. In the lecture, group-discussion is done and the students need to solve the quiz.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Introduction: Crystal structure||to draw and understand the crystal structure|
|Class 2||Oxide-ion conductors (1): Fluorite-type and perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors||to understand the crystal structure and oxide-ion conduction in fluorite-type and perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors|
|Class 3||Oxide-ion conductors (2): Layered perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors||to understand the crystal structure and oxide-ion conduction in layered perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors|
|Class 4||lithium-ion conductors||to understand the crystal structure and lithium-ion conduction in lithium-ion conductors|
|Class 5||proton conductor and biomaterials||to understand the crystal structure and proton conduction in biomaterials|
|Class 6||dielectric materials and photocatalyts||to understand the structure and properties of dielectric materials and photocatalyts|
|Class 7||exhaust gas catalysts||to understand the crystal structure, phase diagram and properties of exhaust gas catalysts|
|Class 8||Summary and quiz||To understand the structure-property correlation in ceramic materials|
A. R. West, "Solid State Chemistry and its Applications", 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2014); R. J. D. Tilly, Understanding Solids, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2013); T. Kaino and R. Kanno, "Materials Science: Fundamentals and Application", Tokyo Kagaku Dojin Co. Ltd., (2008); Peter Atkins, et al. "Shriver and Atkins' Inorganic Chemistry," Fifth Edition, Oxford University Press, (2009); T. Sakuma, Ceramic Materials, Kaibundo Co. Ltd., (1990); Y. Wakabayashi, Physics of Structure-Property Correlation and X-ray Diffraction, Maruzen Pub. Co., (2017).
Evaluation whether you understand the inorganic materials at atomic/electronic levels. Higher score in (1) [Final examination (60%) and quiz/report (40%)] and (2) [Final examination (100%)].