2019 Advanced Lecture on Crystal Structure and Correlation with Properties of Solids

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Energy Science and Engineering
Instructor(s)
Yashima Masatomo 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue5-6(H119B)  
Group
-
Course number
ENR.I420
Credits
1
Academic year
2019
Offered quarter
2Q
Syllabus updated
2019/4/5
Lecture notes updated
2019/7/30
Language used
English
Access Index

Course description and aims

This lecture discusses the fundamentals and applications of inorganic materials, their crystal structures and their structure-property correlations. In this lecture, I describe the experimental techniques such as X-ray powder diffraction, synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction and Raman scattering, which are important in the characterization of industrial materials. I also present the analysis techniques as Rietveld method and maximum-entropy method. We discuss the structure-property correlation of materials for clean energy and environments (solid oxide fuel cells, exhaust gas catalyst) and ferroelectric materials.
By this lecture, the students aim to understand the crystal structure of inorganic materials at an atomic scale, to discuss the correlation between structure and properties, and to design the materials.

Student learning outcomes

You will be able …
1) to understand the structure and property of inorganic materials at an atomic scale and at an electronic level
2) to understand the literature including the crystallographic data and results of crystal structure analysis.
3) to draw and understand the crystal structure
4) to estimate the interatomic distances, bond angles, coordination number and bond valence sum (BVS).

Keywords

inorganic materials,  crystal structures, structure-property correlations, X-ray powder diffraction, synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, industrial materials, Rietveld method, maximum-entropy method, materials for clean energy and environments, materials for solid oxide fuel cells, exhaust gas catalyst, ferroelectric materials

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
- - -

Class flow

Students need to download, print out and study the slides before each lecture. The lecture is done using the slides. In the lecture, group-discussion is done and the students need to solve the quiz.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Introduction: Crystal structure to draw and understand the crystal structure
Class 2 Oxide-ion conductors (1): Fluorite-type and perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors to understand the crystal structure and oxide-ion conduction in fluorite-type and perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors
Class 3 Oxide-ion conductors (2): Layered perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors to understand the crystal structure and oxide-ion conduction in layered perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors
Class 4 lithium-ion conductors to understand the crystal structure and lithium-ion conduction in lithium-ion conductors
Class 5 proton conductor and biomaterials to understand the crystal structure and proton conduction in biomaterials
Class 6 dielectric materials and photocatalyts to understand the structure and properties of dielectric materials and photocatalyts
Class 7 exhaust gas catalysts to understand the crystal structure, phase diagram and properties of exhaust gas catalysts
Class 8 Summary and quiz To understand the structure-property correlation in ceramic materials

Textbook(s)

None

Reference books, course materials, etc.

A. R. West, "Solid State Chemistry and its Applications", 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2014); R. J. D. Tilly, Understanding Solids, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2013); T. Kaino and R. Kanno, "Materials Science: Fundamentals and Application", Tokyo Kagaku Dojin Co. Ltd., (2008); Peter Atkins, et al. "Shriver and Atkins' Inorganic Chemistry," Fifth Edition, Oxford University Press, (2009); T. Sakuma, Ceramic Materials, Kaibundo Co. Ltd., (1990); Y. Wakabayashi, Physics of Structure-Property Correlation and X-ray Diffraction, Maruzen Pub. Co., (2017).

Assessment criteria and methods

Evaluation whether you understand the inorganic materials at atomic/electronic levels. Higher score in (1) [Final examination (60%) and quiz/report (40%)] and (2) [Final examination (100%)].

Related courses

  • CHM.B335 : Chemistry of Solids
  • CHM.B333 : Crystal Chemistry

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

None

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