This course focuses on 1) understanding the recent technologies of fuel cells, solar cell batteries, and energy systems, and 2)understanding the basics of solar cells and the dominant factors for determining the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar cells using the free simulator "PC1D". All classes are arranged such that students who do not have special knowledge of each energy technology can still understand. This course intends for students to comprehensively study recent energy technologies along with visiting the Tokyo Tech Environmental Energy Innovation Building (PV building).
At the end of this course, students will be able to
1. Understand and explain recent energy technologies.
2. Understand and explain the dominant factors to determine the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar cells.
solar cells, fuel cells, lithium ion batteries, smart energy system
|✔ Specialist skills||✔ Intercultural skills||✔ Communication skills||✔ Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
In the first class, the instructor gives an overview of the course. All classes are arranged such that even students who do not have special knowledge of each energy technology can understand them. The instructor takes attendance every class. Students take the lectures together with international students who are participating in the Tokyo Tech summer program.
1. 15:05 to 16:35 on 4th July
2. 15:05 to 16:35 on 5th July
3. 13:20 to 14:50 on 7th July
4. 15:05 to 16:35 on 11th July
5. 15:05 to 16:35 on 12th July
6. 15:05 to 16:35 on 14th July
7. 15:05 to 16:35 on 15th July
8. 10:45 to 12:15 on 20th July
9. 13:20 to 14:50 on 21th July
10. 15:05 to 16:35 on 21th July
11. 10:45 to 12:15 on 22th July
12. 10:45 to 12:15 on 25th July
13. 10:45 to 12:15 on 27th July
14. 10:45 to 12:15 on 28th July
15. To be announced
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||The instructor will explain the outline of the course and the development of the smart energy system "ENE-Swallow". (Prof. Manabu Ihara) ENE-swallow, which can efficiently operate various energy devices such as solar cells, fuel cells, gas engines, batteries, and air conditioners can cut peak electricity demand on the Ookayama campus of Tokyo Tech. Students will consider the structure of future energy.||Understand the outline of the class and a smart energy system and can express their own opinions for future energy.|
|Class 2||Polymer electrolyte fuel cell technology (Prof. Shuichiro Hirai)： Understand the electrochemical system and structure of fuel cells. Recent and future studies on fuel cells would be demonstrated.||Understand and explain electro-chemical system and structure of fuel cell.|
|Class 3||Systematic material design for polymer electrolyte fuel cells (Prof. Takeo Yamaguchi)： Polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) were commercialized for residential and automobile applications. However, a revolutionary improvement in the materials is essential for development and dissemination of this technology. Global warming issues and the systematic design and developing approaches concerning PEFCs will be discussed.||Understand and explain a basic guideline to design of materials used for PEFCs|
|Class 4||High-Efficiency Cu(InGa)Se2 Solar Cells (Prof. Akira Yamada)： After a brief introduction of thin-film solar cells, optical and electrical properties of Cu(InGa)Se2 will be described. The growth and cell fabrication process will be reviewed, and characteristics of Cu(InGa)Se2 solar cells will be summarized.||Understand and explain solar-cell science and technology, and the characteristics of Cu(InGa)Se2 solar cells.|
|Class 5||Silicon heterojunction solar cells (Prof. Shinsuke Miyajima)： This lecture provides the basics of silicon heterojunction (SHJ) solar cells. The structure, materials and fabrication techniques are outlined in details.||Understand and explain the differences between conventional silicon solar cells and SHJ solar cells, and the most important advantage of SHJ solar cells|
|Class 6||New Brothers of Solar Cell - Dye Sensitized Solar Cell and Perovskite Solar Cell (Prof. Yuji Wada)： Dye sensitized solar cell and perovskite solar cell are categorized as the third generation of solar cells, providing with simple preparation and low cost. The structures and working mechanisms of these cells are explained with the viewpoints of materials chemistry and charge transport.||Understand and explain the advantages of the 3rd generation solar cells compared to the others|
|Class 7||Electrochemical energy storage devices (Prof. Ryoji Kanno)： Fundamental science and developmental technology of electrochemical energy storage devices will be studied. After a brief review of battery science and technology, several topics in Materials developments, Reaction mechanism, and Development of new energy devices will be illustrated by giving examples of research and development.||Understand and explain battery science and technology and research targets for future devices in order to satisfy the societal demands.|
|Class 8||Carbon Nanotube materials for the battery application (Prof. Keiko Waki)： Carbon Nanotubes have attracted much attention in applications to lithium batteries. In this lecture, the electrochemical characteristics of Carbon Nanotubes will be introduced and some researches for their applications will be reviewed.||Understand and explain the electrochemical characteristics of Carbon Nanotube and the issues for applying the materials to batteries.|
|Class 9||Special lectures of solar cells1 (Prof. Fave, INSA de Lyon, France) - General introduction to solar cells, Physics of semiconductors: Generalities about pv (present status among other energy resources, advantages and drawbacks, situation in Japan, US and Europe) , Materials for solar energy(how to absorb photons, how to generate photocurrent), Energy bands, absorption, electrons/holes, doping, current diffusion, continuity equations, generation/recombination, pn junction||Understand and explain general introduction of solar cells and physics of semiconductors simply.|
|Class 10||Special lectures of solar cells 2 (Prof. Fave, INSA de Lyon, France) - Basics of solar cell ： Solar radiation, Photovoltaic effect, ideal solar cell, carriers generation/recombination, I(V), Quantum Efficiency, … Real solar cell: efficiency limitations, series and shunt resistances. Influence of various parameters (thickness, base and emitter doping, lifetime, surface recombination velocities…)||Understand and explain the basics of solar cells|
|Class 11||Special lectures of solar cells 3 (Prof. Fave, INSA de Lyon, France) - Fabrication of industrial c-Si solar cell： Si material, wafering, texturation, diffusion techniques, SiN deposition, contacts. Module fabrication. Discussion about the balance between cost and high efficiency||Understand and explain fabrication methods of industrial c-Si solar cell.|
|Class 12||Special lectures of solar cells 4 (Prof. Fave, INSA de Lyon, France)- Simulation of solar cells: Design a Si solar cell and illustration of previous lectures: influence of various parameters on efficiency. This lecture will be implemented using PC1D software (PC1D is available free of charge).||Understand and explain how to use PC1D.|
|Class 13||Special lectures of solar cells 5 (Prof. Fave, INSA de Lyon, France)- High efficient and new generation solar cells: HIT, PERC, PERT…, IBC : fabrication and developments of high efficient c-Si solar cells. Multi-junction, tandem solar cells, Thin films, Perovskites, Nanowires…(overview of the new ideas for PV, the main trends in research)||Understand and explain the outline of high efficient solar cells and next-generation solar cells.|
|Class 14||Special lectures of solar cells 6 (Prof. Fave, INSA de Lyon, France and Prof. Ihara)- Visit of PV building (EEI building): Discussion about real outdoor operations. General conclusion of "Special lectures of solar cells".||Understand and explain the kinds of solar cell in Tokyo Tech Environmental Energy Innovation Building (PV building).|
|Class 15||Summary of the course||Explain the important points of each topic|
Course materials are provided when necessary.
Evaluation will be based on a reporting assignment or the quiz which is assigned during the classes.