2019 Basic Solid State Physics

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Physics
Instructor(s)
Satoh Takuya 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue1-2(H116)  Fri1-2(H116)  
Group
-
Course number
PHY.C340
Credits
2
Academic year
2019
Offered quarter
3Q
Syllabus updated
2019/9/27
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
Japanese
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Course description and aims

Topics of this course include (1) basics of crystal structures, (2) classification of the Bravais lattice, (3) reciprocal lattice, (4) classification of crystals in terms of the formation mechanisms, (5) lattice vibrations (phonons), (6) electronic states in crystals and their band structure, (7) fundamental properties of metals and semiconductors.
Through this course, students will understand basic properties of crystals based on quantum mechanics, and how they correspond to experiments.

Student learning outcomes

Through this course, students will be able to (1) calculate various properties (including translation vectors and reciprocal vectors) for a given crystal structure, (2) explain various crystals in terms of the formation mechanisms (such as ionic and covalent crystals), (3) explain basic properties of electronic band structures in crystals, (4) explain basic properties of semiconductors, and (5) explain basics of superconductivity and various magnetisms.

Keywords

translation vector, unit cell, Bravais lattice, reciprocal vector, Brillouin zone, phonon, metal, insulator, band structure, semiconductor

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
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Class flow

At the end of some classes, small tests will be given to test comprehension. Preparation and review for each class are recommended.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Crystal structure and translation vectors Explanation on crystal sturcture and translation vectors
Class 2 Reciprocal vectors and Brillouin zone Explanation on reciprocal vectors and Brillouin zone
Class 3 Reciprocal vectors and X-ray diffractions Explanations on reciprocal vectors and X-ray diffractions
Class 4 Examples of Bravais lattices and reciprocal bectors Explanations on examples of Bravais lattices and reciprocal bectors
Class 5 Various formation mechanisms of crystals Explanations on metals, covalent crystals, ionic crystals, van der Waals interaction and hydrogen bond
Class 6 Phonon I: classical description of lattice vibration, quantization Explanations on classical description of lattice vibration and quantization of phonons.
Class 7 Phonon II: thermodynamic and transport properties of phonons Explanations on thermodynamic and transport properties of phonons
Class 8 Free-electron model of metals Explanations on free-electron model of metals
Class 9 Electrons in periodic potentials and Bloch theorem Explanations on electrons in periodic potentials and Bloch theorem
Class 10 Band structure of electrons in crystals Explanations on band structure of electrons in crystals
Class 11 Fermi surfaces in metals Explanations on Fermi surfaces in metals
Class 12 Energy gaps and semiconductors Explanations on energy gaps and semiconductors
Class 13 impurities and pn junctions in semiconductors Explanations on impurities and pn junctions in semiconductors
Class 14 optical properties of solids Explanations on optical properties of solids
Class 15 superconductivity, magnetism Explanations on superconductivity and magnetism

Textbook(s)

Textbooks, if any, will be given in the class.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

References and course materials, if any, will be given in the class.

Assessment criteria and methods

examinations and small tests

Related courses

  • PHY.Q207 : Introduction to Quantum Mechanics
  • PHY.S301 : Statistical Mechanics
  • PHY.E205 : Electromagnetism

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Basic knowledge on electromagnetism, statistical physics and quantum mechanics

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