This course describes fundamental thermodynamics based on the first and the second laws of thermodynamics and demonstrates how the newly introduced concepts such as entropy, Gibbs energy, and chemical potential can explain many thermal phenomena. Among various thermodynamic topics in many fields, this course focuses on familiar chemical phenomena (e.g., Hess's law, Clapeyron's law, chemical equilibrium constants, Le Chatelier's principle, dilute solution, etc.).
As one of the science and engineering basic courses required for all Tokyo Tech students, this course provides essential contents of chemical thermodynamics in chemistry field. Students will acquire general knowledge, methods and ways of thinking about chemistry.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
１) Understand the standard enthalpy of formation and its temperature dependence (Hess's law and Kirchhoff's law) based on the first law of thermodynamics.
２）Understand that the efficiency of any heat engine can be determined only by the temperatures of the heat bath (Carnot's law) based on the second law of thermodynamics.
３）Explain various chemical thermal phenomena (especially vapor pressure, chemical equilibrium constants, dilute solution etc.) by understanding Gibbs energy and chemical potential.
Thermodynamics, enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs energy
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Basically, each class covers one chapter in the textbook according to the course schedule. Each class consists of outline of basic topics, explanation of exercise problems, and introduction of related topics. Students are required to learn outside of the classroom for preparation and review purposes under the instructor's guidance.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Thermodynamics and quantity of state equation of state, ideal gas, real gas||Read chapter 1 in the textbook and understand basic knowledge. Solve related exercise problems.|
|Class 2||First law of thermodynamics Heat, power, Joule's law||Read chapter 2 in the textbook and understand basic knowledge. Solve related exercise problems.|
|Class 3||Enthalpy Heat of reaction, heat capacity||Read chapter 3 in the textbook and understand basic knowledge. Solve related exercise problems.|
|Class 4||Second law of thermodynamics and heat engine Carnot's cycle, reversible and irreversible process||Read chapter 4 in the textbook and understand basic knowledge. Solve related exercise problems.|
|Class 5||Entropy Clausius's inequality, third law of thermodynamics||Read chapter 5 in the textbook and understand basic knowledge. Solve related exercise problems.|
|Class 6||Gibbs energy and chemical potential Thermodynamic relations||Read chapter 6 in the textbook and understand basic knowledge. Solve related exercise problems.|
|Class 7||Application of thermodynamics to chemical phenomena Phase rule, Clapeyron's equation, chemical reaction, equilibrium||Read chapter 7 in the textbook and understand basic knowledge. Solve related exercise problems.|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Basic Chemistry for Science and Engineering Students - Quantum Chemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics, 2021 ed.; by Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology; Kagaku-dojin
Material may be provided via OCW-i.
Students' knowledge of basic topics of chemical thermodynamics covered in the course will be assessed by final exam. Details are announced in the lecture. The final exam will be held at a classroom on campus, but the method may change depending on the situation.