2020 Earth and Space Sciences B

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Academic unit or major
Basic science and technology courses
Nakamoto Taishi  Nakajima Junichi  Okuzumi Satoshi  Yokoyama Tetsuya  Sato Bunei  Ueno Yuichiro  Ohta Kenji  Ishikawa Akira  Ida Shigeru  Genda Hidenori  Sekine Yasuhito 
Class Format
Lecture    (ZOOM)
Media-enhanced courses
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue5-6(W521)  Fri5-6(W521)  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
Language used
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Course description and aims

This course will provide an overview of modern earth and space sciences. First the instructor will introduce how to measure size, distance, and physical properties of celestial objects, and will explain basic physics of the universe such as stars and galaxies. Next, the instructor will introduce the shape, gravity, and atmosphere of the planets. Lastly, the plate tectonics, seismicity and volcanic activity on the Earth and will be discussed.

Student learning outcomes

Understanding of physics and mechanics of the space, planets, and solar system.


Space, Galaxy, Planets, the Earth

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Lectures are given with ppt slides and the blackboard.
The order of contents listed in the plan may change.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Size and structure of the universe How to measure the size and distance of celestial objects
Class 2 Galaxies and our galaxy Proper motion, radial velocity, structure of our galaxy
Class 3 Star formation Molecure clouds, gravitational collapse
Class 4 Stellar interiors Hydrostatic equilibrium, main-sequence stars
Class 5 Planet formation theory Dynamics of planet formation
Class 6 Exoplanets Observational methods for exoplanets
Class 7 Shape of the planet Why is the planet a sphere?
Class 8 Gravity of the planet Is the Moon outside the Earth's gravity?
Class 9 Atmosphere of the planet Structure and composition of the planetary atmosphere
Class 10 Effects of tidal force on the planet and satellite, and geomagnetism Tide of the planets and magnetic fields
Class 11 Structures of the planetary and satellite interior and plate tectonics Rocky, gaseous and icy planets, plate tectonics
Class 12 Seismic activity Earthquakes around the Japanese Islands
Class 13 Volcanic activity Why are many volcanoes near the trench?
Class 14 Examination Examination

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.


Earth and Space Sciences, Sato & Tsunakawa, Kodansha, 2018.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Material necessary for the class will be given at the lecture.

Assessment criteria and methods

Score is determined with exercises (50%) and the final examination (50%)

Related courses

  • LAS.A101 : Earth and Space Sciences A
  • LAS.A110 : Earth and Space Sciences, Laboratory and Field Studies (geophysics)
  • LAS.A111 : Earth and Space Sciences, Laboratory and Field Studies (earth materials)
  • LAS.A112 : Earth and Space Sciences, Laboratory and Field Studies (astronomy)

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

No requirements.

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