This course will provide an overview of modern earth and space sciences. First the instructor will introduce how to measure size, distance, and physical properties of celestial objects, and will explain basic physics of the universe such as stars and galaxies. Next, the instructor will introduce the shape, gravity, and atmosphere of the planets. Lastly, the plate tectonics, seismicity and volcanic activity on the Earth and will be discussed.
Understanding of physics and mechanics of the space, planets, and solar system.
Space, Galaxy, Planets, the Earth
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Lectures are given with ppt slides and the blackboard.
The order of contents listed in the plan may change.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Size and structure of the universe||How to measure the size and distance of celestial objects|
|Class 2||Galaxies and our galaxy||Proper motion, radial velocity, structure of our galaxy|
|Class 3||Star formation||Molecure clouds, gravitational collapse|
|Class 4||Stellar interiors||Hydrostatic equilibrium, main-sequence stars|
|Class 5||Planet formation theory||Dynamics of planet formation|
|Class 6||Exoplanets||Observational methods for exoplanets|
|Class 7||Shape of the planet||Why is the planet a sphere?|
|Class 8||Gravity of the planet||Is the Moon outside the Earth's gravity?|
|Class 9||Atmosphere of the planet||Structure and composition of the planetary atmosphere|
|Class 10||Effects of tidal force on the planet and satellite, and geomagnetism||Tide of the planets and magnetic fields|
|Class 11||Structures of the planetary and satellite interior and plate tectonics||Rocky, gaseous and icy planets, plate tectonics|
|Class 12||Seismic activity||Earthquakes around the Japanese Islands|
|Class 13||Volcanic activity||Why are many volcanoes near the trench?|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Earth and Space Sciences, Sato & Tsunakawa, Kodansha, 2018.
Material necessary for the class will be given at the lecture.
Score is determined with exercises (50%) and the final examination (50%)