--What are the Liberal Arts and the Humanities? Debates from Plato to C. P. Snow and Beyond--
What educators and students since the medieval period have thought about education has undergone many changes over the centuries, changes that show no sign of stopping. The central concern has been what it means to be human. This course will look specifically at the ideas of the liberal arts (classical) and the humanities, following their evolution from classical antiquity up to the utilitarianism and commercialization of education in the 20th century. It will discuss their relation to humanitas, humanity, and humanism, and examine the contrasts with mechanical arts, divinity, and science, as well as their position within the liberal arts, and in modern times within social and human sciences.
We will read short passages from authors such as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Capella, Boethius, Aquinas, Petrarch, and Francis Bacon. To get an in-depth understanding of subtle connections between the humanities and humanism and humanistic ideas, we will also read short writings (as time allowed) Hegel, Kant, Rousseau, Dilthey, Sartre, Heidegger, Dewey, as well as Thoreau, Matthew Arnold, and Thomas H. Huxley.
We will explore debates about the place, position, and worth of the humanities, focusing on C.P. Snow’s “Two Cultures.” We will also discuss (briefly) the “Science Wars” in the 1990s, culture wars, creationism, multiculturalism and critiques of the idea of a canon of literature, and finally the pressure to depreciate the humanities all over the world, as illustrated by the British “defend the humanities” campaign against the threat of funding cuts in the 2010s.
To show that ideas about the humanities have undergone a long and complex evolution, and how understanding that history contributes to evaluating their significance now.
To help develop a better understanding of the questions surrounding the state of the humanities and their place in liberal education today.
"Understand better questions concerning the state of the humanities and their value for liberal education today
Understand better the history of ideas of the humanities and meaning of the related terminology and concepts
Improved critical reading skills
Improved conversational and writing skills
The seven liberal arts, the humanities, the history of the humanities, humanism, culture, culture and science, literature and science, Matthew Arnold, Thomas Huxley, C. P. Snow, the "two cultures"
|✔ Specialist skills||✔ Intercultural skills||✔ Communication skills||✔ Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Conducted in lecture format. Class attendance is mandatory. Students are expected to 1) read the assigned readings prior to the class, 2) participate in classroom discussions, and 3) write short papers.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Plato's Cave: the idea of the liberal arts from Plato to Cicero||Passages from Plato, Aristotle, Cicero and others|
|Class 2||The Liberal Arts (Quadrivium and Trivium)||Chapter/s from Kimball, The Liberal Arts Tradition (2010)|
|Class 3||Petrarch, "lumen litterarum," and the Renaissance||Chapter/s from Kimball, The Liberal Arts Tradition (2010); others will be posted in advance.|
|Class 4||The humanities and humanism; the Enlightenment||Kant, “What is Enlightenment?” (1784); (More will be posted ahead of time) Heidegger, “The Letter on Humanism” (1947); Sartre, “Existentialism as Humanism”(1946)|
|Class 5||The 19th century: science, positivism, the decline of classics||Thoreau, “Reading” (Walden, 1854); Matthew Arnold, "Culture and Anarchy" (1869)|
|Class 6||Science, culture, and literature: Debate btw Matthew Arnold and Thomas H. Huxley||Thomas Huxley, "Science and Culture" (1880); Matthew Arnold, “Science and Literature” (1882)|
|Class 7||C. P Snow’s “Two Cultures”: the humanities v. the sciences||C. P. Snow, The Two Cultures (1962); P. R. Leavis, "The Two Cultures" (in Stefan Collini, 2013)|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Passages from Marcus Tullius Cicero, De Oratore (51 BC)
Passages from Francis Bacon’s The Advancement of Learning (1605)
Jean Jack Rousseau, Emile, or on Education (1762)
Immanuel Kant, “What is Enlightenment?” (1784)
Henry David Thoreau, “Reading” (Walden, 1854)
Henry David Thoreau, "Civil Disobedience" (1866)
Matthew Arnold, "Culture and Anarchy" (1869)
Matthew Arnold, “Science and Literature” (1882)
Thomas H. Huxley, "Science and Culture" (1880)
John Dewey, Democracy and Education (1916)
Wilhelm Dilthey: Selected Works, I, Introduction to the Human Sciences (1989)
Jean Paul Sartre, “Existentialism as Humanism,” 1946
Martin Heidegger, The Origin of the Work of Art (1960) and “The Letter on Humanism” (1947)
Charles Percy Snow, The Two Cultures, with Introduction by Stefan Collini (2012)
P. R. Leavis, The Two Cultures? The Significance of C. P. Snow (1962), with Introduction by Stefan Collini (2013)
Anthony Grafton and Lisa Jardine, From Humanism to Humanities (1986)
Helen Small, The Value of the Humanities (2013)
Based on class performance and writing assignments (short papers)