The atmosphere over urban areas is much more complicated than that over other land surfaces due to the effects of complex geometry of infrastructures, variable artificial heat sources, and frequent renewal of surface conditions. In the last few decades, interdisciplinary and innovative research projects have advanced the framework of urban meteorology. The advanced knowledge suggests that the urban boundary layer mostly follows the simple physical similarity law in spite of the complexity of urban surfaces, and this allows the future projection of urban atmosphere based on future global and regional socio-economic scenarios.
This course starts with the principles of numerical simulation and monitoring technologies of the urban atmosphere, and then provides recent advancements in urban meteorology including epoch-making projects and cutting edge technologies.
Students will be able to learn the principles of numerical simulation and monitoring technologies for the urban atmosphere together with recent advancements in urban meteorology including epoch-making projects and cutting edge technologies.
Atmospheric Environment, Megacities, Meteorology, Simulation, Monitoring
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Three instructors give lectures on different topics. At the end of each class, students will have to submit the summaries. These summaries will be used for evaluation.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Numerical Simulation of the Urban Atmosphere||Understand the numerical simulation technology of the Urban Atmosphere|
|Class 2||Monitoring of the Urban Atmosphere||Understand the monitoring technology of the Urban Atmosphere|
|Class 3||Heat, Moisture and CO2 Flux Measurement by Urban-Tower||Understand the heat, moisture and CO2 flux measured by urban-towers|
|Class 4||Lagrangian Human Meteorology||Understand the concept, methodology and outcome of Lagrangian human meteorology|
|Class 5||Comprehensive Outdoor Scale MOdel Experiment (COSMO)||Understand the outcomes of Comprehensive Outdoor Scale MOdel Experiment (COSMO)|
|Class 6||Introduction to Global Urban Climatology||Understand the background and neccesity of Global Urban Climatology|
|Class 7||Global Urban Climatology – Overview of Methods and Tools||Understand the overview of methods and tools used in Global Urban Climatology|
|Class 8||Global Urban Climatology – Method 2: Numerical model analyses (lecture)||Understand the urban heat island condition and relevant factors in various megacities by using numerical model analyses.|
|Class 9||Global Urban Climatology – Method 2: Numerical model analyses (PC exercise)||Understand the urban heat island condition and relevant factors in various megacities by using numerical model analyses.|
|Class 10||Cities and climate change||Introduce current and new techniques for studying adaptation and local mitigation strategies of cities to climate change.|
|Class 11||Urban Boundary Layer - Overview||Understand the overall features of the urban boundary layer|
|Class 12||Urban Boundary Layer - Similarity Theory||Understand the similarity theory of the urban boundary layer|
|Class 13||Urban Boundary Layer - Turbulence Structure||Understand the turbulence structure of the urban boundary layer|
|Class 14||Urban Boundary Layer – Thermal Image Velocimetry||Understand the observed two dimensional turbulence structures over urban surfaces by using thermal image velocimetry|
|Class 15||energy imbalance problem||study about how to measure sensible heat flux from the ground based on the eddy covariance method|