2020 Advanced Lecture on Crystal Structure and Correlation with Properties of Solids

Font size  SML

Register update notification mail Add to favorite lecture list
Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Energy Science and Engineering
Instructor(s)
Yashima Masatomo 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Mode of instruction
ZOOM
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue7-8(H119B)  
Group
-
Course number
ENR.I420
Credits
1
Academic year
2020
Offered quarter
1Q
Syllabus updated
2020/9/18
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
English
Access Index

Course description and aims

This lecture discusses the fundamentals and applications of inorganic materials, their crystal structures and their structure-property correlations. In this lecture, I describe the experimental techniques such as X-ray powder diffraction, synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction and Raman scattering, which are important in the characterization of industrial materials. I also present the analysis techniques as Rietveld method and maximum-entropy method. We discuss the structure-property correlation of materials for clean energy and environments (solid oxide fuel cells, exhaust gas catalyst) and ferroelectric materials.
By this lecture, the students aim to understand the crystal structure of inorganic materials at an atomic scale, to discuss the correlation between structure and properties, and to design the materials.

Student learning outcomes

You will be able …
1) to understand the structure and property of inorganic materials at an atomic scale and at an electronic level
2) to understand the literature including the crystallographic data and results of crystal structure analysis.
3) to draw and understand the crystal structure
4) to estimate the interatomic distances, bond angles, coordination number and bond valence sum (BVS).

Keywords

inorganic materials,  crystal structures, structure-property correlations, X-ray powder diffraction, synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, industrial materials, Rietveld method, maximum-entropy method, materials for clean energy and environments, materials for solid oxide fuel cells, exhaust gas catalyst, ferroelectric materials

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Students need to download, print out and study the slides before each lecture. The lecture is done using the slides. In the lecture, group-discussion is done and the students need to solve the quiz.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Introduction: Crystal structure to draw and understand the crystal structure
Class 2 Oxide-ion conductors (1): Fluorite-type and perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors to understand the crystal structure and oxide-ion conduction in fluorite-type and perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors
Class 3 Oxide-ion conductors (2): Layered perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors to understand the crystal structure and oxide-ion conduction in layered perovskite-type oxide-ion conductors
Class 4 lithium-ion and proton conductors to understand the crystal structure and ion conduction in lithium-ion and proton conductors
Class 5 dielectric materials and photocatalyts to understand the structure and properties of dielectric materials and photocatalyts
Class 6 exhaust gas catalysts to understand the crystal structure, phase diagram and properties of exhaust gas catalysts
Class 7 Summary and/or examination test To understand well the contents

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.

Textbook(s)

None

Reference books, course materials, etc.

A. R. West, "Solid State Chemistry and its Applications", 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2014); R. J. D. Tilly, Understanding Solids, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, (2013); T. Kaino and R. Kanno, "Materials Science: Fundamentals and Application", Tokyo Kagaku Dojin Co. Ltd., (2008); Peter Atkins, et al. "Shriver and Atkins' Inorganic Chemistry," Fifth Edition, Oxford University Press, (2009); T. Sakuma, Ceramic Materials, Kaibundo Co. Ltd., (1990); Y. Wakabayashi, Physics of Structure-Property Correlation and X-ray Diffraction, Maruzen Pub. Co., (2017).

Assessment criteria and methods

Evaluation whether you understand the inorganic materials at atomic/electronic levels, through the group discussion, quiz, report and/or examination test.

Related courses

  • CHM.B335 : Chemistry of Solids
  • CHM.B333 : Crystal Chemistry

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

None

Contact information (e-mail and phone)    Notice : Please replace from "[at]" to "@"(half-width character).

Yashima: yashima[at]cms.titech.ac.jp

Page Top