[Description] In this course, the properties of gas, the gas law, the perfect gas and real gases are first introduced to study the fundamentals of chemistry. Then, it gives detailed explanations of work and heat, internal energy, and enthalpy for fully understanding the basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics. Finally, students will study properties of the Gibbs energy regarded as combining the First and Second laws through understandings of the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics such as the direction of spontaneous change and entropy.
[Aims] This course focuses on The First and Second Laws of thermodynamics that students who study the natural science are required to understand. And then, the aim of this course is to enable students to learn the concept of enthalpy, entropy, the Gibbs energy, and the fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics.
[Outcomes] At the end of this course, students will be able to understand:
1) the basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics.
2) the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics.
3) the concept of enthalpy, entropy, and the Gibbs energy.
4) properties of the Gibbs energy based on combining the First and Second laws.
The Second Law of thermodynamics, entropy, the Gibbs energy, the Helmholtz energy, combining the First and Second Laws, the fugacity
✔ Specialist skills | Intercultural skills | Communication skills | ✔ Critical thinking skills | ✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills |
Explanation is provided on PowerPoint slides in lecture. Towards the end of class, students are given exercise problems related to what is taught on that day to solve. Before coming to class, students should read the course schedule and check what topics will be covered. Required learning should be completed outside of the classroom for preparation and review purposes.
Course schedule | Required learning | |
---|---|---|
Class 1 | The basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics, the direction of spontaneous change, and entropy | To understand the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics, the direction of spontaneous change, and entropy. |
Class 2 | The entropy as a state function and entropy changes accompanying specific process | To understand the entropy as a state function and entropy changes accompanying specific process. |
Class 3 | The calorimetric measurement of entropy and The Third Law | To understand the calorimetric measurement of entropy and The Third Law. |
Class 4 | The Helmholtz and Gibbs energies | To understand the Helmholtz and Gibbs energies. |
Class 5 | Standard molar Gibbs energies | To understand standard molar Gibbs energies. |
Class 6 | Combining the First and Second Laws and properties of the internal energy | To understand combining the First and Second Laws and properties of the internal energy. |
Class 7 | Properties of the Gibbs energy and the fugacity | To understand properties of the Gibbs energy and the fugacity. |
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Peter Atkins & Julio de Paula, Physical Chemistry, Tenth edition, Oxford, ISBN: 978-0199697403
All materials used in class can be found on OCW-i.
Students will be assessed on their understanding of the basic concept such and the First and Second laws of thermodynamics and the Gibbs energy, based on their scores of reports.
No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related courses is desirable.
Classes A and B are for the students with an odd and even student ID numbers, respectively.