This course focuses on fluid motion, theories of which need to be extended from the mathematical expressions founded on solid-state physics. Through this series of lectures and exercises, students will learn the most fundamental and important mathematical or experimental expressions in the field of fluid dynamics, including equations of motion for fluids and their derivations, definitions of laminar and turbulent flows, and practical formulas for pipelines or open channels. The present course is comprised of 2 parts in order to effectively include all the essences in a single course of lectures. It begins with Part 1 (1st to 7th classes) and follows by Part 2 (9th to 15th classes) which cover theories of perfect fluids, theories for viscous fluid, and practical fluid problems and their solution using the formulas derived.
By the end of this course, students will be able to understand:
1) Dynamics, force and energy of fluids and their expressions in physics
2) Distinctive properties of fluids such as compressivity and viscosity
3) Regimes in fluids, laminar and turbulent flows, and their theories and experimental expressions
4) Fluid motions in pipe or open channels and their theories and experimental expressions
perfect fluid, viscous fluid, laminar flow, turbulent flow, equation of continuity, Euler equations of motion, Navier-Stokes equations, Bernoulli's principle, pipe flow
Intercultural skills | Communication skills | Specialist skills | Critical thinking skills | Practical and/or problem-solving skills |
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Towards the end of the course, students are given exercise problems to solve related to the lecture given each session. To prepare for classes, students should read the course schedule section and check what topics will be covered. Required learning should be completed outside of the classroom for preparation and review purposes.
Course schedule | Required learning | |
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Class 1 | Introduction to Fluid Engineering and Fluid Properties | Understanding of fluid and fluid properties |
Class 2 | Pressure Variation and Manometers | Familiarization with different instruments used to measure pressure and their working concepts |
Class 3 | Hydrostatic Forces on Plane Surfaces | Understanding of hydrostatic equilibrium pressure distribution due to a fluid on a plane surface |
Class 4 | Hydrostatic Forces on Curved Surfaces | Analyze and solve problems involving hydrostatic forces on curved plane surfaces |
Class 5 | Buoyancy and Stability | Calculate the buoyant force acting on a submerged or floating body in a fluid Describe and classify the stability of a submerged or floating body in a fluid |
Class 6 | Fluid Kinematics and Flow Concepts | Differentiate the Lagrangian and Eulerian approach in analyzing fluid flow. Classify and characterize the different types of flows |
Class 7 | Reynolds Transport Theorem and Continuity Equation | Describe Reynolds Transport Theorem and gain understanding of continuity equation in flowing fluid. |
Class 8 | Midterm Exam | Students’ level of understanding of the first half (classes 1 to 7) of the course will be evaluated |
Class 9 | Energy Equation and Bernoulli Equation | Derivation and characterizing the terms of Energy equation and Bernoulli's equation |
Class 10 | Linear Momentum Equation and Angular Momentum Equation | Derive and apply Linear Momentum and Angular Momentum equations |
Class 11 | Navier-Stokes Equation | Formularizations of viscous flow |
Class 12 | Ideal Fluid Flow | Solve and analyze problems involving ideal fluid flow |
Class 13 | Internal Viscous Effects, Laminar and Turbulent Flow | Characteristics of boundary layer, concept of laminar and turbulent flow |
Class 14 | External Viscous Effects, Drag and Lift | Relation between flow field around a body and force on the body |
Class 15 | Fluid Flow Measurements | Fluid velocity and discharge measurement devices such as pitot tube, Venturi tube, etc. |
Class 16 | Final Exam | Students’ level of understanding of the whole course will be evaluated with focus on the second half (classes 9 to 15) |
A mandatory textbook is not designated. A handout will be given at each class.
The following textbooks are recommended, though not necessarily limited:
D. Elger et al. “Engineering Fluid Mechanics”, Wiley ISBN: 978-1118-318751
R. Byron Bird et al. “Transport Phenomena“, Wiley, ISBN: 978-0470115398
Irving Herman Shames “Mechanics of Fluids“, McGraw-Hill Series in Mechanical Engineering, ISBN: 978-0072472103
Students' knowledge of mathematical or experimental expressions in fluid dynamics, and their ability to apply them to problems will be assessed. The results of midterm and final examinations will be considered for evaluating the level of understanding.
Students must have successfully completed "Ordinary Differential Equations and Physical Phenomena"，"Theory of Linear System"，"Solid Mechanics and Structure Engineering" or have equivalent knowledge.