2019 Physical Chemistry I (Thermodynamics) B

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Chemical Science and Engineering
Instructor(s)
Hitosugi Taro 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Fri3-4(S224)  
Group
B
Course number
CAP.B216
Credits
1
Academic year
2019
Offered quarter
1Q
Syllabus updated
2019/3/18
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
Japanese
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Course description and aims

[Description] In this course, the properties of gas, the gas law, the perfect gas and real gases are first introduced to study the fundamentals of chemistry. Then, it gives detailed explanations of work and heat, internal energy, and enthalpy for fully understanding the basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics. Finally, students will study properties of the Gibbs energy regarded as combining the First and Second laws through understandings of the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics such as the direction of spontaneous change and entropy.
[Aims] This course focuses on The First and Second Laws of thermodynamics that students who study the natural science are required to understand. And then, the aim of this course is to enable students to learn the concept of enthalpy, entropy, the Gibbs energy, and the fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics.

Student learning outcomes

[Outcomes] At the end of this course, students will be able to understand:
1) the basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics.
2) the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics.
3) the concept of enthalpy, entropy, and the Gibbs energy.
4) properties of the Gibbs energy based on combining the First and Second laws.

Keywords

the properties of gas, The First Law of thermodynamics, The Second Law of thermodynamics, enthalpy, entropy, the Gibbs energy, the fugacity

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
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Class flow

Explanation is provided on PowerPoint slides in lecture. Towards the end of class, students are given exercise problems related to what is taught on that day to solve. Before coming to class, students should read the course schedule and check what topics will be covered. Required learning should be completed outside of the classroom for preparation and review purposes.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 The properties of gas: the perfect gas and real gases To understand the properties of gas, the gas law, the perfect gas and real gases.
Class 2 The basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics To understand the basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics, work and heat, the internal energy, and enthalpy.
Class 3 Standard enthalpy changes To understand standard enthalpy changes, standard enthalpies of formation, and the temperature-dependence of reaction ehthalpies.
Class 4 State functions and exact differentials To understand state functions and exact differentials, exact and inexact differentials, and changes in internal energy.
Class 5 The Second Law of thermodynamics: the direction of spontanous change and entropy To understand the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics, the direction of spontanous change, entropy, and the Clausius inequality.
Class 6 Entropy change accompanying specific processes and The Third Law of thermodynamics To understand entropy change accompanying specific processes and The Third Law of thermodynamics.
Class 7 The Helmholtz and Gibbs energies To understand The Helmholtz energy, Gibbs energy, and standard reaction Gibbs energy
Class 8 Combining the First and Second laws, properties of the Gibbs energy, the fugacity To understand combining the First and Second laws, properties of the internal energy, properties of the Gibbs energy, the fugacity.

Textbook(s)

Peter Atkins & Julio de Paula, Physical Chemistry, Tenth edition, Oxford, ISBN: 978-0199697403

Reference books, course materials, etc.

All materials used in class can be found on OCW-i.

Assessment criteria and methods

Students will be assessed on their understanding of the basic concept such and the First and Second laws of thermodynamics and the Gibbs energy, based on their scores of the final exams (80%) and exercise problems (20%).

Related courses

  • LAS.C107 : Basic Chemical Thermodynamics
  • GRC.B103 : Basic Chemical Engineering
  • CAP.B217 : Physical Chemistry II (Chemical Equilibrium)

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related courses is desirable.

Other

Classes A and B are for the students with an odd and even student ID numbers, respectively.

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