2017 Structural Mechanics and Hydraulics Laboratory II

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Civil and Environmental Engineering
Nadaoka Kazuo  Nakamura Takashi  Watanabe Atsushi  Kanae Shinjiro  Yoshimura Chihiro  Fujii Manabu  Kinouchi Tsuyoshi  Nakamura Takashi  Seto Rie  Hirose Sohichi  Wijeyewickrema Anil  Furukawa Akira  Morikawa Hitoshi  Sasaki Eiichi  Tamura Hiroshi 
Class Format
Media-enhanced courses
Day/Period(Room No.)
Thr5-8(Structural Mechanics Laboratory Space・Hydraulics Laboratory Space)  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
Language used
Access Index

Course description and aims

This course consists of two experiments: (i) experiments on structural mechanics and (ii) experiments on hydraulics.
In the experiments on structural mechanics, students will obtain a deeper understanding on basic theory of beam and buckling phenomenon of column structures and dynamic behaviors (vibration) of beam. In the experiments on hydraulics, students will obtain a deeper understanding on fundamental principles regarding water flow which have been studied in lecture (Hydraulics II). The two different experiments were conducted, namely “water flow in pipe line” and “water flow in open channel”. In the end of experiments, student will have the PET bottle rocket contest, where students will design and create their original rockets based on the fluid dynamics.
In this class, students’ performance will be evaluated by three activities: (i) “interview prior to experiment” where students’ background knowledge on structural mechanics and hydraulics will be checked if they already have an sufficient knowledge to conduct the experiment, (ii) “experiment” where students’ attitude and leadership will be considered during the observation and measurement of various phenomena and (iii) “interview after the experiment” where students’ understanding on the experimental results and analysis will be evaluated.

Student learning outcomes

【Structural mechanics experiments】
1) Discuss about the basic theory of beam based on the measuments.
2) Discuss about buckling phenomenon considering influential parameters
3) Measure, analyze, and discuss about the vibration of beam.
【Hydraulics experiments】
1) Measure, analyze and discuss about the resistance occurring in the turbulence flow and laminar flow in circular pipe
2) Measure, analyze and discuss about open channel flow including hydraulic jump and water flow around the cylinder-shaped material.
3) Make the PET bottle rocket independently and creatively based on the fluid dynamics.


【Structural mechanics experiments】basic theory of beam, buckling, vibration
【Hydraulics experiments】circular pipe flow, laminar flow, turbulence flow, resistance law, open channel flow, hydraulic jump, flow around cylinder-shaped material, PET bottle rocket contest

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

【Structural mechanics experiments】(i) interview prior to experiment, (ii) experiment and (iii) interview after the experiment will be conducted for each experiment.
【Hydraulics experiments】(i) interview prior to experiment, (ii) demonstration of experimental equipment and procedure, (iii) experiment and (iv) interview after the experiment will be conducted for each experiment. In addition, PET bottle rocket contest will be conducted after the two experiments were completed.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 【Structural mechanics experiments】Experiments on basic theory and vibration of beam Plan of Experiment, Data analysis and discussion using the comparison between theory and measurement, evaluation of damping using the data of vibration tests
Class 2 【Structural mechanics experiments】Observation and measurement of buckling phenomenon of columns Evaluation of buckling strength, relationship between slenderness ratio and buckling strength, data analysis of inelastic buckling
Class 3 【Hydraulics experiments】Circular pipe flow, measurement of Piezometric head, water discharge and Reynolds number, determination of resistance in laminar and turbulence flow Data analysis and relevant discussion about Circular pipe flow including drawing of hydraulic gradient line, relationship between friction loss and Reynolds number
Class 4 【Hydraulics experiments】Open channel flow, drawing of hydraulic jump, measurement of water level and velocity of hydraulic jump, measurement of water velocity distribution in uniform flow, observation of flow characteristics around the cylinder-shaped material and measurement of fluid resistance Data analysis and relevant discussion about open channel flow including specific energy, logarithmic law, fluid resistance (drag) working on cylinder-shaped material in smooth flow
Class 5 【Hydraulics experiments】PET bottle rocket contest, Test launch, presentation, launch contest Design and creation of rocket based on theory of fluid dynamics


【Structural mechanics experiments】Chitoshi Miki, 『Koukouzou』,Kyouritsu-syuppan(2000/07),ISBN-13: 978-4320073913 (Japanese)
【Hydraulics experiments】Mikio Hino, Hydrodynamics 『Meikai Suirigaku』, Maruzen (1983/01), ISBN-13: 978-4621027783 (Japanese)

Reference books, course materials, etc.

【Structural mechanics experiments】Kiyohiro Ikeda and Kazuo Murota,『Kouzoukeino-zakutsutobunki』, Koronasya(2001/11),ISBN-13: 978-4339052107 (Japanese)
【Hydraulics experiments】Iehisa Nezu, Akihiro Tominaga 『Suirigaku』, Asakurashoten (2000/04), ISBN-13: 978-4254261394 (Japanese)

Assessment criteria and methods

Students will be given the final evaluation using the average of the evaluations of structural mechanics and hydraulics.
【Structural mechanics experiments】Student's performance will be evaluated by individual report (100%).
【Hydraulics experiments】Students’ performance will be evaluated by five activities: (i) interview prior to experiment (7%), (ii) experiment (13%), (iii) interview after the experiment (20%), (iv) final report (27%) and (v) PET bottle rocket contest (33%).

Related courses

  • Structural Mechanics and Hydraulics Laboratory I(CVE.N230)
  • Structural Mechanics I
  • Structural Mechanics II
  • Steel Structures
  • Hydraulics I(CVE.B201)
  • Hydraulics II(CVE.B202)
  • CVE.A210 : Structural Dynamics in Civil Engineering

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Hydraulics II(CVE.B202) (If you have not completed the lecture in the left, please contact to faculties for hydraulics listed below)

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