2020 Applied Building Structural Design

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Architecture and Building Engineering
Takeuchi Toru  Terazawa Yuki 
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Course description and aims

This course, targeting graduate students that have acquired knowledge relating to basic architectural structures, covers structural design and material selection, ways of thinking about component and joint design, geometric nonlinear theory for performing spatial structures design, optimization theory, oscillation theory for performing seismic isolation and damping structure design, equivalent linearization, earthquake-resistant design, plasticity theory for making diagnoses and improvements, load-carrying capacity calculations, foreign design standards and their background, as well as exercises in specific structural planning that applies each theory.
Through the above tasks, students experience a selection of the tasks involved with real structural design work, and understand the meaning of studying more specialized structure and disaster prevention courses. Students aspiring to study structural design are strongly encouraged to take this course.

Student learning outcomes

By the end of this course, structural design students will be able to learn the following;
1)Ethics and sense for the structural design, the way for collaboration with archirtect
2)Design of spatial structures understanding the basic theories of geometric non-linearity and optimal design method
3)Design of seismic isolation and response controlled structures based on basic structural dynamics and equivalent linearity
4)Seismic design and retrofit based on basic plastic theories and ultimate strength evaluation
5)Member design based on overseas standards

Course taught by instructors with work experience

Applicable How instructors' work experience benefits the course
The registered 1st -class architect & engineer in Japan with practical experience lectures how to apply the latest structural technologies into the practical structure design, and master through design practice.


Structural design, Design of spatial structures, Design of seismic retrofit, Design of response controlled structures, Seismic design, Seismic retrofit, Overseas design standards, Geometrical non-linearity, Optimal design, Structural dynamics, Equivalent linearity, Plastic design, Ultimate strength evaluation

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

The course basically provides lectures, followed by students' presentations of assignments and critiques.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Structural design and architectural design, History of structural design, Structural planning and member sizes, Material and connection design Learn about the concept and the ethics of building structural design.
Class 2 Design and shell and truss structures, geometrical non-linearity and buckling Understand the geometric nonlinearity and buckling phenomenon through the design of lattice shell and truss structures.
Class 3 Design theories and details of tension structures Learn about the application method of geometric stiffness through the construction and design of the tension structures. /Challenge1: Design of tension structures
Class 4 Assignment 1: Presentation and critiques for design of tension structures Presentations and criticism of each design of the tension structure challenges.
Class 5 Basic optimization theories and applications for form finding Understand the basic optimization theory and application techniques for form finding.
Class 6 Theory of seismic isolation and vibration of SDOF system Learn the basic theory of structural dynamics for damped SDOF system using seismic isolated structures.
Class 7 Design of seismic isolation structures and their details Learn about design of seismic isolation structures and their details. /Challenge2: Design of seismically isolated structures
Class 8 Assignment 2: Presentation and critique for design of seismic isolated structures Presentations and criticism of each design of the seismic isolated structure challenges.
Class 9 Theory of response control and vibration of MDOF system Learn about design of seismic isolation structures and their details. /Challenge2: Design of seismically isolated structures
Class 10 Design of response controlled structures and their details Challenge3: Design of response controlled structures
Class 11 Assignment 3: Presentation and critique for design of response controlled structures Presentations and criticism of each design of the response controlled structure challenges.
Class 12 Plastic theory and ultimate strength Understand the plastic theories and ultimate strength evaluations. /Exercise 1: Ultimate strength evaluation
Class 13 Earthquake damages, seismic performance evaluations and retrofit Learn about typical past earthquake damage and the methods of seismic performance evaluations and retrofit.
Class 14 Philosophy of overseas design standards Understand overseas structural system and LRFD design. /Exercise 2: Member design based on overseas standards

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.


Y.Tsuboi et al.: Mechanics, Materials and Structural Design, Kenchiku-gijyutu (Japanese)
AIJ Kanto: Design of seismic isolation and response controlled structures -Basic structural design series- (Japanese)
T.Takeuchi et al.: Damage mitigation technologies of urban structures, Asakura press. (Japanese)

Reference books, course materials, etc.

T.Takeuchi, A.Wada: Buckling-Restrained Braces and Applications, JSSI (English)
Akenori Shibata: Dynamic Analysis of Earthquake Resistant Structures, Tohoku-Univ. Press (Japanese)

Assessment criteria and methods

Score is given by attendance and evaluation of presentations

Related courses

  • ARC.S203 : Structural Mechanics I
  • ARC.S301 : Structural Design I
  • ARC.S302 : Structural Design II
  • ARC.S305 : Structural Mechanics II
  • ARC.S306 : Structural Mechanics III
  • ARC.S303 : Structural Design III

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Complete the 200-300 classes related to structural design and mechanics before this class.

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