Thermal environmental problems, including the heat island effect, have become serious in urban areas of Japan, and they are regarded as the epitome of urban environmental problems. This course proceeds followed by "Fundamental Engineering on Thermal Environment" and provides mitigation and adaptation measures for the heat island effect, in order to discuss the way to create comｆortable urban environments. In particular, numerical simulation tools for urban thermal environment are introduced and the relationships between urban spatial design and comfortable thermal environment are discussed through the simulation studies.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand heat island countermeasures in view of both mitigation and adaptation measures.
2) Understand fundamentals, algorithm, practical tool and visualization of thermal environment simulation, and acquire the way to apply the tool to actual cases.
3) Learn the relationships between urban spatial design and comfortable thermal environment through the simulation studies.
Urban environemnt, Thermal environment, Heat island, Numerical simulation, Thermal comfort, Environmental design
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
The class proceeds with handouts. In the latter part of the fourth class, students are given exercise problems related to the lectures. At the end of the class, students are given a report assignment related to the contents of lectures.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Thermal environment||Understand the fundamental of urban thermal environment.|
|Class 2||Thermal environment and spatial scale||Understand variation and characteristic of thermal environemnt between spatial scales.|
|Class 3||Mechanism of formation of thermal environment||Understand the mechanism of urban thermal environment based on related equations.|
|Class 4||Thermal environment simulation Fundamental and mechanism||Understand fundamental, theory, algorism and visualization of thermal environment simulation Midterm exam for the first halfu|
|Class 5||Thermal environment simulation Application and usage||Acquire the way to apply the tool to actual cases|
|Class 6||Thermal environment desing Fundamental design||Acquire the practical way to apply the tool to thermal environment design for outdoor spaces (basic design).|
|Class 7||Thermal eivironment desing Applied design||Acquire the practical way to apply the tool to thermal environment design for outdoor spaces (advanced design).|
Not in particular
Not in particular
Students' knowledge of thermal environment, effects of spatial scale, fundamental and application of thermal environment simulation, fundamental and application of therma environment desing will be assessed.
Midterm exam 50%, final report 50%.
Students are expected to take the lecture of "Fundamental Engineering on Thermal Environment" in prior to this lecture.