This course focuses on urban dwelling and covers the fundamentals of residential improvement in Japanese densely crowded areas.
At first, we focus on problems with urban dwelling after the 19th century, and specific approaches, such as model community and housing act.
Second, we focus on experimental urban dwelling in the early 20th century, such as ”Garden City” and garden suburbs in the western city, and transform of housing types.
In the latter half of this course, we focus on important factors and indicators of a living environment, and the way of analysis.
Finally, we learn planning and management skills, such as a design workshop through some practices.
At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1)Explain the progress of planned communities in the early 20th century.
2)Explain the progress of residential improvement after the second World War.
3)Explain the urbanization and recent residential condition in Tokyo.
3)Research and analyze the situation of urban blight in residential areas.
4)Propose solutions for residential improvement in densely crowded areas.
social housing, affordable housing, building rehabilitation, residential improvement,
housing type, neighborhood unit, Garden City, neighborhood community,housing layout, urbanizaition,
gentrification, urban blight, densely crowded area,
nonprofit organization, design workshop
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
1) At the beginning of each class, the previous class is briefly reviewed.
2) Attendance is taken in every class.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Overview of Urban Housing and Residential Improvement||Explain key issues for residential improvement.|
|Class 2||Beginnings of Urban Housing and Residential Improvement in the modern period 1)The situation in 19th century 1)The situation in 19th century and the early 20th century||Explain three goals for urban planning in the 19th century.|
|Class 3||Beginnings of Urban Housing and Residential Improvement in the modern period 2) The situation in the early 20th century before the Second World War||Explain the concept of Garden City and spread of design.|
|Class 4||Progress of urban housing and residential improvement in the contemporary period 1) The starting point after the Second World War||Explain the concept of neighborhood unit and its practice after the Second World War.|
|Class 5||Progress of urban housing and residential improvement in the contemporary period 2)Practices after 1960s’||Explain the progress of residential improvement after 1960s'|
|Class 6||Urban form, living environment in built-up areas, and residential planning in Japan: 1) Living environment and urban planning of Tokyo in the Meiji and Taisyo period, and The Imperial Capital Reconstruction Projects after The Great Kanto Earthquake||Explain the change of the urban form and living environment in Tokyo after the Meiji period.|
|Class 7||Urban form, living environment in built-up areas, and residential planning in Japan: 2)Reconstruction Projects and the development plan for the Tokyo capital region after the World WarⅡ||Explain the point of Reconstruction Projects and the development plan for the Tokyo capital region after the World WarⅡ.|
|Class 8||Urban form, living environment in built-up areas, and residential planning in Japan: 3)Situations after The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake disaster||Explain the issues of reconstruction planning and living environment after The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake disaster.|
|Class 9||Understanding and analysis of residential environment 1)Understanding data of residential environment||Understand the analysis of residential environment.|
|Class 10||Understanding and analysis of residential environment 2)Fieldwork||Understand the analysis of residential environment.|
|Class 11||Understanding and analysis of residential environment 3)Visualizing and patterns of residential environment||Understand the analysis of residential environment.|
|Class 12||Design of residential improvement in the scale of neighborhood||Acquire the methods of residential improvement in the scale of neighborhood.|
|Class 13||Design of residential improvement in the scale of district||Acquire the methods of residential improvement in the scale of district.|
|Class 14||Methods of residential improvement 1)Ideas and theories of citizen participation||Understand ideas and theories of citizen participation.|
|Class 15||Methods of residential improvement 2)Planning process and skills of design workshop||Acquire the skills of design workshop.|
1)Ito, Masaharu and Mano,Yosuke et al. Urban planning and Machizukuri in Japan. Tokyo:Shokokusya. ISBN:978-4-395-00902-2 C3052 (Japanese)
2)Architectural Institute of Japan, Textbook series of community design: 1)Method of community design. Tokyo:Maruzen. ISBN:4-621-07419-9 C3352 (Japanese)
1)Students will be assessed on their understanding of the origin and the progress of residential improvement, and their ability to apply them to solve problems.
2)Students' course scores are based on midterm reports(40%) and final reports(60%).
No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related courses is desirable.