Description: This course provides lectures on the basics of landscape architecture including its space, history, ideas and methods. Landscape architecture deals with outdoor open space and its components include gardens, parks, rivers, streets, green spaces, plazas and beaches, for example. This course teaches how to read the physical and configurational characteristics of these components from social and ideological contexts such as the meaning, institutions, functions, design and ecology.
Aim: The course aims to get students:
1) To understand and explain the complex and deep relationship between human and open space.
2) To understand and explain the history and methods of institutional, technical and artistic intervention into the human-open space relationship.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand and explain the social role and historical development of landscape.
2) Understand and explain the techniques that underpin landscape architecture.
2) Understand and explain the importance and possibility of landscape for the coming era.
Landscape, urban space, garden, park, plaza
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Class flow: The instructor will lecture on the topic for an hour, then present concrete examples with slides for 30 minutes.
Course flow (15 classes): The instructor will cover the historical development of landscapes in the first half of the course, and modern landscape topics in the second half.
Features of class format: Visual materials will be used liberally, centered on slides.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Orientation||Understand how landscape can be situated as an academic area.|
|Class 2||What is landscape: the spatial expression of the relationship between human and the nature||Understand and explain the theoretical background of landscape.|
|Class 3||The history of Japanese gardens 1 – from ancient times to the Middle Ages||Understand and explain the features and worldview of Japanese gardens from the early stage to the completion.|
|Class 4||The history of Japanese gardens 2 – from the Middle Ages to early modern and modern times||Understand and explain the features and worldview of Japanese gardens from the completion to maturity.|
|Class 5||The history of West European gardens 1 – from ancient times through the Middle Ages, to the Renaissance period||Understand and explain the features and worldview of West European gardens from the early stage to the completion.|
|Class 6||The history of West European gardens 2 – towards the modern garden style||Understand and explain the features and worldview of West European gardens from the completion to maturity.|
|Class 7||The history of West European plazas||Understand and explain the social contexts of urban plazas that are characteristic of West European cities in terms of history.|
|Class 8||The history of West European parks||Understand and explain the role and form of parks which emerged in West European cities.|
|Class 9||The history of parks and open space planning in Japan||Understand and explain the role and form of parks introduced to Japan.|
|Class 10||Landscape design on the ground||Understand and explain how the modern landscape architecture is carried out.|
|Class 11||Landscape and art||Understand and explain the relationship between landscape and contemporary art.|
|Class 12||The legislative system surrounding landscape||Understand and explain today’s legal system associated with landscape.|
|Class 13||Landscape and citizen participation||Understand and explain the landscape that people generate through their daily life|
|Class 14||The challenges for landscape: ecological democracy||Theoretically understand “ecological democracy,” which is necessary for the landscape of next generation.|
|Class 15||The challenges for landscape: examples of ecological democracy||Understand and explain “ecological democracy” through examples of practices.|
No textbook is set. This course provides original lectures.
All materials used in class can be found on OCW-i.
Reference books include:
Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture ed. “Randoskepu taikei 1～7 [The compendium of landscape]”, Gihodo Shuppan
Francis, M. and Hester, R. T. (1996) “Niwa no imi ron [The meaning of gardens]”, Kashima Shuppankai
Hester, R. T. (2006) “Design for ecological democracy”, The MIT Press
Dohi, M. and Saito, U. (2004) “Kankyo to toshi no dezain – hyoso wo koeru kokoromi, sanka to keikan no koten kara [Environment and urban design]”, Gakugei Shuppansha
Students are required to submit a report twice. Each report is marked out of 100 with 25 for the degree of understanding, 25 for the knowledge, 25 for the ability of structuring the report, and the remaining 25 for the ability of expressing the idea.