2017 Basic Neuroscience

Font size  SML

Register update notification mail Add to favorite lecture list
Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Life Science and Technology
Instructor(s)
Ichinose Hiroshi  Suzuki Takashi  Miyashita Eizo 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Mon3-4(W541)  Thr3-4(W541)  
Group
-
Course number
LST.A346
Credits
2
Academic year
2017
Offered quarter
2Q
Syllabus updated
2017/11/2
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
Japanese
Access Index

Course description and aims

This course will provide a comprehensive review of neural system for "behavior". After an introductory overview of "behavior" from standpoints of the brain, neurons, and genes, cell and molecular biology of neurons, e.g. ion channels, membrane potential, synapses, and neurotransmitter, will be explained. Then, the neural basis of perception (somatic sensation and vision), cognition, and movement will be reviewed.
The aim of the course is to deepen understanding basic neural mechanisms of our perception of external stimuli and reaction to it.

Student learning outcomes

Brain science has been developed based on neuroscience as a multidisciplinary field of computer science, cell and molecular biology, electrophysiology, etc. To pursue a research in brain science, it is necessary to have comprehensive knowledge about neuroscience. Students will have lectures overviewing "Principles of Neural Science", which is a de fact standard textbook. They will be expected to be interested in the brain and to start active learning. By the end of this course, students will be able to acquire basic knowledge about neuroscience for further studies.

Keywords

brain science, neuroscience, behavior, perception, cognition

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
- - - -

Class flow

Corresponding sections of "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed with original data obtained from experiments by each lecturer.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 The Brain and Behavior Chapter 1 and 3 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the basic organization and function of each parts of the brain, as well as the basic structure of genes and their roles on behavior.
Class 2 Nerve Cells, Neural Circuitry, and Behavior Chapter 2 and 4 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the basic structure and function of nerve cells and neural circuitry, as well as the structure of the cells composing the nervous system.
Class 3 Genes and Behavior Chapter 5 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the structure and function of ion channels in cell membrane.
Class 4 Membrane Potential Chapter 6 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the mechanisms of production of resting membrane potential and electrical properties of a nerve cell.
Class 5 Action Potential Chapter 7 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the mechanisms of production and propagation of electrical signals in a nerve cell.
Class 6 Overview of Synaptic Transmission: the Nerve-Muscle Synapse Chapters 8 and 9 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the mechanisms of synaptic transmission of nerve-muscle synapse as an example.
Class 7 Synaptic Integration in the Central Nervous System Chapter 10 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the integration mechanism of excitatory and inhibitory synapses in the central nervous system.
Class 8 Modulation of Synaptic Transmission: Second Messengers Chapter 11 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the modulation mechanisms of synaptic transmission by second messengers.
Class 9 Transmitter Release, Neurotransmitters Chapters 12 and 13 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand kinds of neurotransmitters and the release mechanism of transmitter.
Class 10 Diseases of the Nerve and Motor Unit Chapter 14 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the molecular mechanisms for disorders of the peripheral nerve and neuromuscular junction.
Class 11 The Central Nervous System: The Functional Organization of Perception and Movement Chapter 15 and 16 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the functional organization of the central nervous system for perception and movement.
Class 12 Sensory Coding Chapter 21 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand how the central nervous system codes sensory information.
Class 13 Neural Basis of Perception 1: Somatic Sensation Chapters 22 and 23 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the neural mechanism of perception of somatic sensation.
Class 14 Neural Basis of Perception 2: Vision Chapters 25 and 26 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the neural mechanism of perception of vision.
Class 15 Neural Basis of Perception Chapters 17 and 18 in "Principles of Neural Science" will be overviewed. Understand the neural mechanisms of cognition including the internal representation of space and action.

Textbook(s)

None.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Principles of Neural Sciences, Fifth edition, edited by Erick R. Kandel et al. McGraw Hill, 2013.
Students should download lecture notes from OCW.

Assessment criteria and methods

Degree of understanding basic knowledge of neuroscience will be evaluated by written examinations.

Related courses

  • LST.A410 : Advanced Neuroscience
  • LAT.A405 : Cognitive Psychology
  • HCB.M461 : Laboratory Training on Human Brain Functions and Their Measurements
  • MEC.L431 : Human Brain Functions and Their Measurements
  • ICT.H509 : Mesurement of Brain Function
  • LAH.T309 : Linguistics C
  • LST.A362 : Evolution and Developmental Biology

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Nothing in particular.

Page Top