[Summary of the course] In this course, laboratory experiments on chemical engineering, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, and polymer chemistry will be instructed for the junior students, who studied Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry Laboratories I and II. The following six themes in these fields are set: (1) “Fluid flow” for learning the basic concepts on analyzing flow phenomena, (2)"Heat transfer" for learning the basic treatment on heat transfer by a double-pipe heat exchanger, (3) “Organic reaction” for learning operation skills on organic reactions of carbonyl compounds, (4) "Electrochemical reaction" for learning basic concepts on chemical equilibrium and reaction kinetics by cyclic voltammetry experiment, (5)"Addition polymerization" for learning basic skills on radical polymerization and elementary reaction, and (6) “Polycondensation” for learning reaciton and characterization of polyamic acid and synthesis of Nylon-6,10, and synthesis, characterization and thermal stability measurement of poly(pyromellitic diimide).
[Aim of the course] To understand important operations and reactions in chemical industry, it is essential to perform experiments actually and to consider the results on your own. In this course, following Chemical Engineering and Industrial Laboratories II, basic knowledge and experimental methods in Chemical Science and Engineering will be acquired through experiences of fundamental operations and reactions in chemical engineering, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, and polymer chemistry.
At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) acquire the basic concepts of chemical engineering, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, and polymer chemistry.
2) acquire basic techniques necessary for experiments in chemical engineering, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, and polymer chemistry.
3) complete a general style of the experimental report including results, discussions, and contents of survey.
(Fluid flow) Reynolds number, laminar flow, turbulent flow
(Heat transfer) heat exchanger, heat transfer coefficient, Nusselt number
(Organic reaction) nucleophilic substitution reaction, carbonyl compound, yield
(Electrochemical reaction) electropotential, chemical equilibrium, cyclic voltammetry
(Addition polymerization) radical polymerization, molecular weight control, polymerization degree
(Polycondensation) cyclization polyaddition, interfacial polycondensation, infrared absorption spectrum
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
This course consists of six experimental themes: (1) Fluid flow, (2) Heat transfer, (3) Organic reaction, (4) Electrochemical reaction, (5) Addition polymerization, and (6) Polycondensation. Students select and learn four themes from them.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Fluid flow 1, Heat transfer 1||Learn treatment of entrance region. Learn construction of heat exchanger.|
|Class 2||Fluid flow 2, Heat transfer 2||Learn solution of unsteady state flow. Learn equations of counter current heat exchange.|
|Class 3||Fluid flow 3, Heat transfer 3||Learn measurement of flow rate. Learn analysis of convective heat transfer.|
|Class 4||Fluid flow 4, Heat transfer 4||Learn analysis of orifice flow. Learn numerical analysis of heat transfer.|
|Class 5||Organic reaction 1, electrochemical reaction 1||Learn operations of organic reaction. Learn measurement methods of electrochemistry.|
|Class 6||Organic reaction 2, electrochemical reaction 2||Learn operations of hydrolysis. Learn mechanism of electrochemical reaction.|
|Class 7||Organic reaction 3, electrochemical reaction 3||Learn mechanism of decarboxylation. Learn principles of oxidation-reduction.|
|Class 8||Organic reaction 4, electrochemical reaction 4||Learn equations of reaction kinetic. Learn application of electrochemical reaction.|
|Class 9||Addition polymerization 1: Radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate||Learn principles of radical polymerization and elementary reaction.|
|Class 10||Addition polymerization 2: Measurement of viscosity average molecular weight of polym(methyl methacryate)||Learn method to determine viscosity average molecular weight by Mark-Houwink equation.|
|Class 11||Addition polymerization 3: Measurement of average molecualr weight by GPC and anaysis of chain end.||Learn methods to determine average molecular weights (Mw and Mn) and distribution of molecular weight (Mw/Mn) by GPC analysis.|
|Class 12||Addition polymerization 4: Characterization of polymer and determination of radical transfer constant. Polycondensation 1: Synthesis of polyamic acid||Learn methods to determine radical transfer constant, and explain reaction mechanism of condensation polymerization. Learn operations of polycondensation.|
|Class 13||Polycondensation 2: Characterization of polyamic acid and synthesis of Nylon-6,10||Learn skills for characterizsiton of polymers by FT-IR measurement. Learn operations of interfacial polycondensation.|
|Class 14||Polycondensation 3: Synthesis, characterization and thermal stability measurement of poly(pyromellitic diimide)||Learn methods for polycondensation and thermal stability measurement of polymers.|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 50 minutes preparing for class and another 50 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Textbook for the Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry Laboratory III (In Japanese), edited by committee for the chemical engineering and industrial chemistry laboratory (Tokyo Institute of Technology, School of Materials and Chemical Technology, Department of Chemical Science and Engineering). Students should buy the text book at Co-op Book Store before the guidance.
R.B.Bird, W.E. Stewart, E.N. Lightfoot, "Transport Phenomena", Wiley, 2002; ISBN: 0-471-41077-2.
藤田重文「化学工学演習」東京化学同人，1979; ISBN: 978-4807900282 (In Japanese).
J. McMurry, "Organic Chemistry", 8th Ed., Books/Cole, Cengage Learning; ISBN: 978-0840054531.
高分子学会編「基礎高分子科学」（東京化学同人）ISBN-13: 978-4807906352 (In Japanese).
G. Odian, "Principles of polymerization" 4th Ed., Wiley; ISBN: 978-8126513918.
Students will be assessed on their achievements of learning outcomes based on the quality of reports on four themes (83%) and examination (17%).
The instructor may fail a student if he/she repeatedly comes to class late or does not submit assignments too often.
Students must have successfully completed both Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry Laboratory I a/b & b/a (CAP.B201.R, CAP.B202.R) and Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry Laboratory II a/b & b/a (CAP.B203.R, CAP.B204.R).