2020 Polymer Chemistry Laboratory I

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Chemical Science and Engineering
Instructor(s)
Tokita Masatoshi  Ando Shinji  Serizawa Takeshi  Satoh Kotaro  Furuya Hidemine  Kubo Tomohiro  Goseki Raita  Ishige Ryohei  Liang Xiaobin 
Course component(s)
Mode of instruction
 
Day/Period(Room No.)
Mon5-8(S422)  Tue5-8(S422)  
Group
-
Course number
CAP.P361
Credits
2
Academic year
2020
Offered quarter
3Q
Syllabus updated
2020/9/30
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
Japanese
Access Index

Course description and aims

This laboratory consists of three of four themes including those in Laboratory II; Theme A: X-ray diffraction and D: Conductive polymers.
This laboratory is a prerequisite class for students majoring polymer science to obtain necessary experimental skills. The aims are to enable the students to understand the crystalline structure, phase separation, solution- and gel properties, and fundamental electrical properties of polymers together with obtaining skills for polymer property analyses such as X-ray diffraction and so on.
It is also aimed for students to learn how to summarize a research report and present the analysis results and discussion as an oral presentation.

Student learning outcomes

Students will learn to do the followings
Theme A: 1) Have an understanding of the basic elements of X-ray diffraction, and measure diffraction patterns using a powder X-ray diffractometer.
2) Analyze diffraction patterns of simple crystal systems (i.e., the cubic and hexagonal systems).
3) Determine crystallite size and crystallinity for polymer crystals.
  
Theme D: 1)Have an understanding of the basic principle of conductivity of conjugated polymers and measure conductance using the electrochemical analyzer.
2)Have an understanding of the mechanism of electrochemical polymerization, and explain the relationship between the reaction conditions and conductivity of obtained films.
3)Have an understanding of the structure of the conjugated polymer, and explain the mechanism of solvatochromism and thermochromism.

Keywords

X-ray diffraction, Crystal lattices, Miller indices, Structure factor, Crystallinity, Crystallite size, Conjugated polymer, Conductivity, Electrochemical polymerization, Solvato- and thermochromism

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

This laboratory course consists of three parts; 1st (Class 1 for guidance), 2nd (Class 2-8 for the first theme), 3rd (Class 9-15 for the second theme). Students are divided into three groups; one half is for theme A, the other one half for theme D. Students who start with theme A will be grouped into theme D for the second theme, and vice versa. The course schedule below is for the former case. Students will be grouped into theme B and C in the laboratory II, so all the students will conduct all the themes A - D.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Guidances on the whole course and the respective themes Understanding the course aims and the theoretical backgrounds of the respective themes.
Class 2 Theme A: Measurements of cubic structure crystals To measure the X-ray diffraction pattern of cubic structure crystals.
Class 3 Theme A: Crystal Structure Determination (I) Cubic structures To index the X-ray diffraction pattern and calculate the lattice parameters of materials with a cubic structure.
Class 4 Theme A: Measurements of hexagonal structure crystals / Crystal Structure Determination (II) Hexagonal structures To index the X-ray diffraction pattern and calculate the lattice parameters of materials with a hexagonal structure.
Class 5 Theme A: Identification of an unknown specimen / Precise lattice parameter measurements To identify an unknown specimen by X-ray diffraction procedures. / To determine the precise lattice parameters of materials by X-ray diffraction methods.
Class 6 Theme A: X-ray diffraction of polymer crystals To measure the X-ray diffraction pattern of polymer crystals.
Class 7 Theme A: Determination of crystallite size and crystallinity of polymer crystals To determine the average crystallite size and crystallinity of polymer crystals by X-ray diffraction pattern analysis.
Class 8 Theme A: Data reduction/Oral examination To organize the diffraction data and show the analysis results / Oral examination for evaluation of students' achievement.
Class 9 Theme D:Synthesis and electronic property of conjugated polymer: Electrochemical polymerization of pyrrole Syntheize polypyrrole via electrochemical polymerization under certain conditions
Class 10 Theme D:Measurement of conductivity Analyze the conductivity of obtained polymer
Class 11 Theme D: Electrochemical polymerization of pyrrole and measurement of conductivity Synthesize polypyrrole with different conditions, and analyze conductivity. Synthesize de-doped polypyrrole
Class 12 Theme D: Oxidative polymerization of decylthiophene and analysis of its structure Synthesize polythiophene via oxidative polymerization. Characterize thiophene monomer by H NMR and IR spectroscopy.
Class 13 Theme D: Purification of polydecylthiophene Collect the polymer, and have an understanding of the polymerization mechanism.
Class 14 Theme D: Observation of solvato- and thermochromism of polydecylthiophene Measure the UV–vis spectra of polymer, and observe the solvato- and thermo-chromism.
Class 15 Theme D: Oral presentation Have an oral presentation about the structure and electronic property of conjugated polymer to check the understanding level.

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 50 minutes preparing for class and another 50 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.

Textbook(s)

Textbook for Polymer Chemistry Laboratory I & II

Reference books, course materials, etc.

N/A

Assessment criteria and methods

Assessment on the reports and the oral presentations or examination.

Related courses

  • CAP.P362 : Polymer Chemistry Laboratory II
  • CAP.P211 : Polymer Chemistry I (Step-Growth Polymerization)
  • CAP.P221 : Polymer Physics I (Polymer Solutions)
  • CAP.P212 : Polymer Chemistry II (Chain Polymerization)
  • CAP.P311 : Polymer Chemistry III (Polymer Reactions)
  • CAP.P312 : Polymer Chemistry IV (Crosslinking Reactions)
  • CAP.P222 : Polymer Physics II (Solid Structures)
  • CAP.P321 : Polymer Physics III (Rheology)
  • CAP.P322 : Polymer Physics IV (Physical Properties)

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry Laboratory I~III

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