[Description] In this course, the properties of gas, the gas law, the perfect gas and real gases are first introduced to study the fundamentals of chemistry. Then, it gives detailed explanations of work and heat, internal energy, and enthalpy for fully understanding the basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics. Finally, students will study properties of the Gibbs energy regarded as combining the First and Second laws through understandings of the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics such as the direction of spontaneous change and entropy.
[Aims] This course focuses on The First and Second Laws of thermodynamics that students who study the natural science are required to understand. And then, the aim of this course is to enable students to learn the concept of enthalpy, entropy, the Gibbs energy, and the fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics.
[Outcomes] At the end of this course, students will be able to understand:
1) the basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics.
2) the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics.
3) the concept of enthalpy, entropy, and the Gibbs energy.
4) properties of the Gibbs energy based on combining the First and Second laws.
the properties of gas, The First Law of thermodynamics, The Second Law of thermodynamics, enthalpy, entropy, the Gibbs energy, the fugacity
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||✔ Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Explanation is provided on PowerPoint slides in lecture. Towards the end of class, students are given exercise problems related to what is taught on that day to solve. Before coming to class, students should read the course schedule and check what topics will be covered. Required learning should be completed outside of the classroom for preparation and review purposes.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||The properties of gas: the perfect gas and real gases||To understand the properties of gas, the gas law, the perfect gas and real gases.|
|Class 2||The basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics||To understand the basic concept of The First Law of thermodynamics, work and heat, the internal energy, and enthalpy.|
|Class 3||Standard enthalpy changes||To understand standard enthalpy changes, standard enthalpies of formation, and the temperature-dependence of reaction ehthalpies.|
|Class 4||State functions and exact differentials||To understand state functions and exact differentials, exact and inexact differentials, and changes in internal energy.|
|Class 5||The Second Law of thermodynamics: the direction of spontanous change and entropy||To understand the basic concept of The Second Law of thermodynamics, the direction of spontanous change, entropy, and the Clausius inequality.|
|Class 6||Entropy change accompanying specific processes and The Third Law of thermodynamics||To understand entropy change accompanying specific processes and The Third Law of thermodynamics.|
|Class 7||The Helmholtz and Gibbs energies||To understand The Helmholtz energy, Gibbs energy, and standard reaction Gibbs energy|
|Class 8||Combining the First and Second laws, properties of the Gibbs energy, the fugacity||To understand combining the First and Second laws, properties of the internal energy, properties of the Gibbs energy, the fugacity.|
Peter Atkins & Julio de Paula, Physical Chemistry, Tenth edition, Oxford, ISBN: 978-0199697403
All materials used in class can be found on OCW-i.
Students will be assessed on their understanding of the basic concept such and the First and Second laws of thermodynamics and the Gibbs energy, based on their scores of the final exams (80%) and exercise problems (20%).
No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related courses is desirable.
Classes A and B are for the students with an odd and even student ID numbers, respectively.