[Summary of the course] In this lecture, synthesis and function of inorganic materials will be taught through chemical experiments. By carrying out experiments of two topics, "Catalytic hydrogen formation by steam reforming of methanol and operation of hydrogen fuel cell" and Toluene methylation with methanol", preparation methods of inorganic materials, functions of catalyst supports and molecular sieving, fundamental techniques for inorganic materials research, derivation method of activation energy, shape selectivity in zeolite catalysis, and determination method of reaction pathway will be taught.
[Aim of the course] This lecture facilitates students' understanding about previous lectures such as Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry and Chemistry of Catalytic Processes through experiments. Furthermore, students master techniques for inorganic materials research, and this lecture also facilitates problem-identifying ability and problem-solving ability by communizing results obtained under different experimental conditions and deep discussion. Students will be able to fill a gap between the forefront of chemical research and experimental class through experiments in this lecture.
By the end of this course, students acquire the following ability:
1) Ability to prepare, characterize and analyze inorganic solid materials.
2) Ability to explain concepts of physical chemistry such as reaction kinetics and activation energy.
3) Ability to explain concepts of electrochemistry such as energy efficiency through operation of fuel cell.
4) Ability to analyze and explain experimental results logically.
Porous materials, solid catalysts, fuel cell, activation energy, shape selectivity
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Critical thinking skills||✔ Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
This lecture consists of two topics "Catalytic hydrogen formation by steam reforming of methanol and operation of hydrogen fuel cell" and Toluene methylation with methanol", and will proceed in the following order: experimental outline, experiment, analysis and presentation.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Experiment outline||Explain solid catalysis and fuel cell.|
|Class 2||Preparation of copper catalysts supported on mesoporous silica||Prepare solid catalysts.|
|Class 3||Characterization of copper catalysts supported on mesoporous silica (X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption, electron microscopy)||Characterize solid materials.|
|Class 4||Analysis of data of copper catalysts supported on mesoporous silica||Analyze solid materials.|
|Class 5||Catalytic hydrogen formation by steam reforming of methanol||Use gas-phase flow reactors.|
|Class 6||Temperature dependence on hydrogen formation by steam reforming (Arrhenius plot)||Calculate activation energy from reaction results.|
|Class 7||Dependence of supported amount of copper on hydrogen formation by steam reforming||Evaluate catalytic activity.|
|Class 8||Preparation of fuel cell||Explain structure of fuel cell.|
|Class 9||Operation and energy efficiency of fuel cell||Calculate energy efficiency from reaction results.|
|Class 10||Preparation of zeolite catalysts for toluene methylation||Prepare zeolite catalysts.|
|Class 11||Effect of catalyst particle size on toluene methylation||Explain effect of catalyst particle size on catalytic activity.|
|Class 12||Effect of catalysts poisons on toluene methylation||Explain shape selectivity of zeolite catalysts.|
|Class 13||Effect of modifier on toluene methylation||Explain role of zeolite modifiers.|
|Class 14||Analysis of reaction pathway in toluene methylation||Make experimental plan to clarify reaction pathway.|
|Class 15||Presentation||Analyze data logically and present results.|
Textbook of Applied Chemistry Laboratory 2016-2018, edited by committee for the chemical engineering and industrial chemistry laboratory (Tokyo Institute of Technology, School of Materials and Chemical Technology, Department of Chemical Science and Engineering). This textbook will be distributed on the first lecture day.
Takuya Honma, Nenryou Denchi Nyuumon Kouza, Denpa Shinbunsya. (In Japanese), ISBN-13: 978-4885547966
Tetsuo Hirata et al., Reidai De Wakaru Kougyou Netsurikigaku, Morikita Publishing. (In Japanese), ISBN-13: 978-4627673410
Yoshio Ono, Tateaki Yashima, Zeoraito No Kagaku To Kougyou, Kodansha. (In Japanese), ISBN-13: 978-4061533899
Full attendance and completion of all experiments are compulsory.
Reports (60%), Quality of presentation (20%), Performance in the question and answer session (20%).
Students must have successfully completed Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry Laboratory I a/b & b/a (CAP.B201.R, CAP.B202.R), Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry Laboratory II a/b & b/a (CAP.B203.R, CAP.B204.R), and Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry Laboratory III (CAP.B205.R) or have equivalent knowledge.
Shuntaro Tsubaki: tsubaki.s.aa[at]m.titech.ac.jp
Shigekazu Ito: ito.s.ao[at]m.titech.ac.jp