This lecture covers basic concepts that are required for understanding the functionalities of inorganic materials, including the basics of crystallography, the atomistic and electronic structure of materials, the properties of lattice defects, and their impacts on material functionalities.
In many commercialized devices, superb functionalities of inorganic materials are realized via a precise design and fabrication of complex microstructures and lattice defects. The aim of this lecture is to provide specialized knowledge on crystals science that is required for solving issues with such advanced technologies and developing novel high-performance materials.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand the basics of crystallography.
2) Discuss material properties from the viewpoint of their atomistic and electronic structures.
3) Understand the basics of lattice defects including point defects, dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces.
Crystal structure, Symmetry, Reciprocal lattice, Electronic structure, Point defects, Dislocations, Surfaces, Interfaces
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Points from the previous lectures are reviewed at the beginning of each class. The lectures on new topics are then given on the basis of documents distributed. Exercises are done when necessary.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Overview of crystals science I||Understand issues on inorganic materials from the viewpoint of crystals science.|
|Class 2||Overview of crystals science II||Understand issues on inorganic materials from the viewpoint of crystals science.|
|Class 3||Basics of crystals I||Understand the symmetry and the space group.|
|Class 4||Basics of crystals II||Understand the crystal structure of inorganic materials.|
|Class 5||Basics of crystals III||Understand the reciprocal lattice and the Brillouin zone.|
|Class 6||Basics of crystals IV||Understand the structure factor and the extinction rule.|
|Class 7||Electronic structure of solids I||Understand the basics of the electronic structure of solids.|
|Class 8||Electronic structure of solids II||Understand the electronic structure of solids.|
|Class 9||Point defects in inorganic materials I||Understand the electronic states of point defects in inorganic materials.|
|Class 10||Point defects in inorganic materials II||Understand the chemical reactions of point defects in inorganic materials.|
|Class 11||Dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials I||Understand dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials from a geometric viewpoint.|
|Class 12||Dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials II||Understand the structure of dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials.|
|Class 13||Dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials III||Understand the electronic states of dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials.|
|Class 14||Summary of lattice defects in inorganic materials||Confirm understandings of lattice defects in inorganic materials.|
|Class 15||Summary of crystals science||Confirm understandings of the contents of this lecture.|
Yet-Ming Chiang et al., Physical Ceramics (John Wiley & Sons) ISBN-13: 978-0471598732
Michael Glazer and Gerald Burns, Space Groups for Solid State Scientists (Academic Press) ISBN-13: 978-0123944009
Yuichi Ikuhara et al., Physics of Ceramic Materials (Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun, Ltd) ISBN-13: 978-4526044366 (in Japanese)
Evaluations are made on the basis of the exercises (40%) and final exam (60%).