This lecture covers basic concepts that are required for understanding the functionalities of inorganic materials, including the basics of crystallography, the atomistic and electronic structure of materials, the properties of lattice defects, and their impacts on material functionalities.
In many commercialized devices, superb functionalities of inorganic materials are realized via a precise design and fabrication of complex microstructures and lattice defects. The aim of this lecture is to provide specialized knowledge on crystals science that is required for solving issues on such advanced technologies and developing novel high-performance materials.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand the basics of crystallography.
2) Understand the properties of inorganic materials from the viewpoint of their atomistic and electronic structures.
3) Understand the basics of point defects and grain boundaries and their effects on the functionalities of inorganic materials.
crystal structure, symmetry, reciprocal lattice, electronic structure, point defects, grain boundaries
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Points from the previous lectures are reviewed at the beginning of each class. The lectures on new topics are then given on the basis of documents distributed. Exercises are done when necessary.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Overview of crystals science I||Understand issues on inorganic materials from the viewpoint of crystals science.|
|Class 2||Overview of crystals science II||Understand issues on inorganic materials from the viewpoint of crystals science.|
|Class 3||Basics of crystals I||Understand the symmetry and the space group.|
|Class 4||Basics of crystals II||Understand the crystal structure of inorganic materials.|
|Class 5||Basics of crystals III||Understand the reciprocal lattice and the Brillouin zone.|
|Class 6||Basics of crystals IV||Understand the structure factor and the extinction rule.|
|Class 7||Electronic structure of solids I||Understand the basics of the electronic structure of solids.|
|Class 8||Electronic structure of solids II||Understand the electronic structure of solids.|
|Class 9||Point defects in inorganic materials I||Understand the electronic states of point defects in inorganic materials.|
|Class 10||Point defects in inorganic materials II||Understand the chemical reactions of point defects in inorganic materials.|
|Class 11||Point defects in inorganic materials III||Understand the effects of point defects on various properties of inorganic materials.|
|Class 12||Grain boundaries in inorganic materials I||Understand the structure of grain boundaries in inorganic materials.|
|Class 13||Grain boundaries in inorganic materials II||Understand the impurity segregation at grain boundaries in inorganic materials.|
|Class 14||Summary of crystals science||Confirm understandings of the contents of this lecture.|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course materials.
Yet-Ming Chiang et al., Physical Ceramics (John Wiley & Sons) ISBN-13: 978-0471598732
Michael Glazer and Gerald Burns, Space Groups for Solid State Scientists (Academic Press) ISBN-13: 978-0123944009
Yuichi Ikuhara et al., Physics of Ceramic Materials (Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun, Ltd) ISBN-13: 978-4526044366 (in Japanese)
Evaluations are made on the basis of the exercises (40%) and the end-of-term report (60%).