This lecture covers basic concepts that are required for understanding the functionalities of inorganic materials, ranging from the basics of crystallography to the fundamental properties of materials, the properties of lattice defects, and their impacts on materials functionalities. Cutting-edge methods used in inorganic materials researches, including advanced experimental measurements and theoretical calculations at the atomistic and electronic levels, are also discussed.
In many of currently commercialized inorganic materials, superb functionalities are realized via a precise design and fabrication of complex microstructures and lattice defects. An aim of this lecture is to acquire specialized knowledges on crystal science that are required for solving issues on such advanced inorganic materials and developing diverse high-performance materials.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Understand the basics of crystallography
2) Discuss materials properties from the viewpoint of their atomistic and electronic structures.
3) Understand the basics of lattice defects including point defects, dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces.
4) Understand cutting-edge experimental and theoretical approaches to inorganic materials
Symmetry, Reciprocal lattice, Crystal structure, Electronic structure, Point defects, Dislocations, Surfaces, Interfaces
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Points in the previous lecture are reviewed at the beginning of each lecture. Lecture on new topics is then given on the basis of documents distributed. Exercises are done when necessary.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Review of crystal science||Understand the objectives of this lecture. Discuss diverse issues on inorganic materials from the viewpoint of crystal science.|
|Class 2||Basics of crystal science I||Understand the basics of crystallography such as the crystal structure, symmetry, and space group.|
|Class 3||Basics of crystal science II||Understand the relationship between the fundamental properties of crystals and the symmetry.|
|Class 4||Basics of crystal science III||Understand the reciprocal lattice and the Brillouin zone.|
|Class 5||Basics of the electronic structure of solids||Understand the basics on the description of the electronic structure of solids.|
|Class 6||Experimental approaches to crystal, atomistic, and electronic structures||Understand the characterization of crystal, atomistic, and electronic structures using experimental methods such as the x-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and electron spectroscopy.|
|Class 7||Theoretical approaches to crystal, atomistic, and electronic structures I||Understand theory for the investigation of crystal, atomistic, and electronic structures.|
|Class 8||Theoretical approaches to crystal, atomistic, and electronic structures II||Understand computational methods for the investigation of crystal, atomistic, and electronic structures.|
|Class 9||Crystal and electronic structure of inorganic materials||Understand the crystal and electronic structure of inorganic materials.|
|Class 10||Point defects in inorganic materials I||Understand the electronic states of point defects in inorganic materials|
|Class 11||Point defects in inorganic materials II||Understand the basics of the chemical reactions of point defects in inorganic materials|
|Class 12||Point defects in inorganic materials III||Understand the applications of the chemical reactions of point defects in inorganic materials|
|Class 13||Dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials I||Understand dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials from a geometric viewpoint.|
|Class 14||Dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials II||Understand the electronic states of dislocations, surfaces, and interfaces in inorganic materials.|
|Class 15||Summary of crystal science||Confirm understandings of the contents of this lecture.|
Yuichi Ikuhara et al., Physics of Ceramic Materials (Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun, Ltd) ISBN-13: 978-4526044366 (Japanese)
Yet-Ming Chiang et al., Physical Ceramics (John Wiley & Sons) ISBN-13: 978-0471598732
Evaluations are made on the basis of the exercises (40%) and final exam (60%).