2020 Structural Science of Non-crystalline Solids

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Materials Science and Engineering
Yano Tetsuji 
Course component(s)
Lecture    (ZOOM)
Day/Period(Room No.)
Mon5-6(S7-201)  Thr5-6(S7-201)  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
Language used
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Course description and aims

This course is intended to provide the fundamental knowledge on science and technology of glass and amorphous materials, especially composed of inorganic materials. The relationship between structure and properties of these materials is explained with the correlation with the materials processing. Thermal, optical, chemical and mechanical properties are shown in detail because these materials have been widely used in industry.

Student learning outcomes

Gain an understanding of the scientific knowledge on glass and amorphous materials with their wide variety of application fields.
Gain an understanding of the material processing and manufacturing methods for glass and amorphous materials.


glass, amorphous, structure, properties, melting

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Important issues on glass and amorphous materials are chosen, and lectures are given together with their correlations. In addition, characteristic structure and properties are shown with the application filed of these materials in industry.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Introduction -Classification of glass and amorphous in materials definition of glass/amorphous glass transition phenonenon super-cooled liquid
Class 2 Criteria on glass forming ability of inorganic materials glass network former, network modifier, Zachariazen rule, Sun rule, single bond strength, corner-sharing
Class 3 Glass forming region and critical cooling rate from the point of view of chemical compounds glass forming region, critical cooling rate, Time-Temperature-Transformation curve
Class 4 Stucture of glass and amorphous materilas (1) glass structure, bridging oxygen/non-bridging oxygen, SiO2 glass, acid-basic reaction
Class 5 Stucture of glass and amorphous materilas (2) B2O3 glass, triangle BO3 unit, coordination number, structural conversion
Class 6 Stucture of glass and amorphous materilas (13) P2O5 glass, non-bridging oxygen P=O double bond resonance structure
Class 7 Preparation procedure of glass and amorphous materials glass melting, crucible melting, tank melting, batch, forming/molding, annealing
Class 8 Chemical reactions in glass preparation vitrification reaction, thermal decomposition, acid-basic reaction, production of gas phase, foaming
Class 9 Evaluation of glass formation during heating glass formation
Class 10 Low temperature process for glass (liquid-phase process; Sol-Gel) liquid phase systhesis, sol-gel process, hydration reaction, poly-condensation reaction, catalysis
Class 11 Characterization of glass -Thermal properties thermal property, glass transition temperature, thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, viscosity
Class 12 Characterization of glass -Optical properties optical property, optical window, refractive index, dispersion, Abbe number, Intric absorption edge, multiphonon absorption, Rayleigh scattering, optical loss, colored glass, laser glass
Class 13 Characterization of glass -Chemical properties chemical property, chemical durability, corrosion, dissolution rate
Class 14 Characterization of glass -Mechanical properties mechanical property, fracture toughness of glass,Griffith's theory, crack growth, Vickers hardness, brittleness, cutting, strengthening of glass

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.


not specified
Printed doccuments are given in lecture

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Some reference books are introduced in lecture.

Assessment criteria and methods

Achievement is evaluated by the percentage of attendance, homeworks and final exam.

Related courses

  • MAT.P204 : Physical Chemistry (Thermodynamics)
  • MAT.C201 : Inorganic Quantum Chemistry
  • MAT.C302 : Spectroscopy

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Enrollment of inorganic chemistry, thermal physics and chemical physics is desired.

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