This course introduces the fundemental knowledge and principle of kinetic model and transport property for gas molecules, diffusion equation, reacion kinetics, mechanism of reaction. The reaction equations to produce materials look simple, but it actually composed of complex reactions. The driving force of these reactions depends on motion, transport and diffusion for molecules, and students are required to understand elementary reactions by way of experiment. Thus, the mechanism of reactions from chemical reaction rate based on temporal response should be comprehended and expressed, and students reach to understand mechanism of reactions.
At the end of this course, students will be able to understand and explain principles of chemical reaction rate from both reaction dynamics to produce materials and kinetic theroy of molecules.
Transport Property of Gas, Motion in Liquid, Diffusion Equation, Mechanism of Reaction, Interpretation of Reaction Rate Equation, Collisional Theory, Transition State Theory
|✔ Specialist skills||Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
This lecture is given by distribution of necessary handout and blackboard demonstration. Students are given exercise problems related to the lecture given that day to solve. Required learning should be completed outside of the classroom for preparation and review purposes.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Kinetic theory of molecules, Kinetics of gas molecules: Model, Speed||Interpretation of Maxwell distribution of speeds|
|Class 2||Kinetics of gases : Collision frequency, Mean free path, Collision flux, Exit velocity||Quantitative understanding of gas molecule kinetics|
|Class 3||Transport property of ideal gas : Phenomenogical equation, Transport parameters||Fick's first law of diffusion|
|Class 4||Molecular motion in liquid : Conductivity of elecrolyte，Mobility of ions||Conductivity of electrolyte, Strong and Weak electrolytes, Drift speed, Transport number, Ion-Ion interaction|
|Class 5||Diffusion : Thermoodynamic interpretation||Thermodynamic force attributed to concentration gradient, Rederivation of Fick's first law of diffusion, Einstein relation, Nernst-Einstein equation, Stokes-Einstein equation|
|Class 6||Diffusion equation : Consentration and diffusion distance, Statistical understanding||Fick's second law of diffusion|
|Class 7||Experimental chemical kinetics of a chemical reaction(1): Experimental method, Reaction rate||Introduction of reaction rates|
|Class 8||Experimental chemical kinetics of a chemical reaction(2): Integrated rate equation, relaxation, temperature-dependent reaction rate||Integrated rate equation, Relaxation method, temperature dependence|
|Class 9||Interpretation of rate quation(1): Elementary reaction, consecutive elementary reaction, rate-determining step||elementary reaction, consecutive elementary reaction|
|Class 10||Interpretation of rate equation(2): Steady-state approximation, unimolecular reaction||Lindemann-Hinshelwood mechanism|
|Class 11||Complex reacion rate: Chain reaction and Enzyme reaction||Rice-Herzfeld mechanism and Michaelis-Menten mechanism|
|Class 12||Molecular reaction dynamics(1): Collisional theory||Collisional theory|
|Class 13||Molecular reaction dynamics(2): Transition state theory||Transition state theory|
|Class 14||Molecular reaction dynamics(3): Dynamics of Molecular Collisions||Dynamics of Molecular Collisions|
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Hideaki Chihara, Nobuo Nakamura, Atkins Physical Chemistry, TokyoKagakuDojin
Keith J. Laidler, Reaction kinetics I, in Japanese, Sangyo-tosho, Tominaga Keii, Reaction kinetics, Tokyokagakudojin
Students will be assessed on their understanding of molecular motion, diffusion equation, reaction rate equation, molecular reacion dynamics, and their ability to apply them to solve problems. The student's course scores are based on final exams (80%) and exercises (20%).