2020 Thermodynamics of Materials a

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Materials Science and Engineering
Nakajima Akira  Kawaji Hitoshi  Susa Masahiro  Kawamura Kenichi  Tada Eiji  Ueda Mitsutoshi  Kobayashi Yoshinao  Hayashi Miyuki 
Class Format
Lecture    (ZOOM)
Media-enhanced courses
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue7-8(S621)  Fri7-8(S621)  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
Language used
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Course description and aims

The discussion on phase stability is imperative for manufacturing materials having the requisite properties and specifications. This course addresses principles of thermodynamics, including phase diagram, equilibrium electrochemistry, ellingham diagram, and related basic physical chemistry. This course provides fundamental knowledge on thermodynamics for materials processing and evaluation.

Student learning outcomes

By the end of this course, students will be able to
1) Understand fundamentals of thermodynamics
2) Acquire the knowledge on the phase transition or phase stability
3) Apply the knowledge on thermodynamics to materials processing or evaluation.

Course taught by instructors with work experience

Applicable How instructors' work experience benefits the course
This class will be provided by the instructors with experience of material development at the companies.


internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, free energy, chemical potential, phase diagram, chemical equilibrium

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
Fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics

Class flow

14 lectures are held including excise.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 The properties of gases (perfect and actual gases, equation of state) Fundamental properties of gases are presented.
Class 2 The first law of thermodynamics 1 (heat, work, internal energy, and thermodynamic function of state) The first law of thermodynamics is introduced. Thermodynamical concepts on heat, work, internal energy, and thermodynamic function of state are explained.
Class 3 The first law of thermodynamics 2 (enthalpy, heat capacity, adiabatic condition, and thermochemistry) Thermodynamical concepts on enthalpy, heat capacity and adiabatic condition are explained. Then understanding of the whole picture of the first law of thermodynamics is developed.
Class 4 The second and third laws of thermodynamics (spontaneous change, entropy) The second and third laws of thermodynamics is explained and the relation between spontaneous change and entropy is presented.
Class 5 Free energy (Gibbs and Helmholtz) Introduction of two free energies (Gibbs and Helmholtz)
Class 6 Chemical potential and fugacity The meanings of chemical potential and fugacity are presented.
Class 7 Mid-term review exercise Mid-term review exercise (from the 1st to the 7th lecture)
Class 8 Physical transformations of pure substances (phase stability of single phase) The relation between phase transition and free energy change is presented.
Class 9 Simple mixtures 1 (partial molar amount, chemical potential of multiple phases) Introduction to thermodynamics with multi-phase.
Class 10 Thermodynamics of ideal solutions The property of ideal solutions and various colligative properties are presented.
Class 11 Non-ideal solution and activity Introduction to activity.
Class 12 Gibbs phase rule and phase diagram The meaning of Gibbs phase rule and reading way of phase diagram are presented.
Class 13 Chemical equilibrium 1 (equilibrium constant and Le Chatelier's law) Equilibrium constant and Le Chatelier's law on various chemical reaction are presented.
Class 14 Chemical equilibrium 2 (acid/base and electrochemistry) Acid/base and electrochemistry from the viewpoint of thermodynamics are presented.

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.


P. Atkins, J. de Paula, Physical chemistry, 10th edition

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Original materials and problem sets will be presented and handed by the instructor.

Assessment criteria and methods

Assignments, Mid-term review exercise and Final exam

Related courses

  • LAS.C107 : Basic Chemical Thermodynamics

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Fundamental understanding of chemical thermodynamics given by chemistry courses for B1 students.

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