Understanding the principle of experiments and the obtained meanings of the properties by the experiments is essential in material science and engineering.The learning of fundamental skills of chemical and physical measurement opeation is required for the correct and safe experiments. In this experiment course, the following topics will be covered: understanding of fundamental photophysical characteristics of absorption, fluorescence and phosphorescence for organic molecules; leaning basic techniques for organic synthesis and characterization methods of organic molecules for structural determination; basic skills for suspension polymerization, characterization technique for ion exchange resin and basic skills for kinetic study. The safety training programs for experiments will be also learned. The aims of this course are to make students get the basics for organic and polymeric materials through the learning of experimental operations, principles, comparison between the theoretical and observed data, in order to improve their skills and understandings from the viewpoints of general education covering the wide area from the basics to the advanced research of science and engineering. Additionally, the number of students may be restricted due to the limitation of a laboratory space. The learning quarters and orders could be also changed. Students can learn whole themes in Experiments of Organic and Polymeric Materials I, II and III in a different order, by taking all courses of Experiments of Organic and Polymeric Materials at 1st, 3rd and 4th quarters.
By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1. acquire fundamental skills of chemical and physical measurement operations,
2. understand the chemical reactions and analysis,
3. understand the meanings of measured properties and their principles,
4. understand the relation between the conditions of sample preparation and their properties,
5. understand the experimental methods, data analysis and discussion based on obtained data, and learning the basics for more advanced experiments.
Organic and polymeric materials, materials engineering, experiment, operation of chemical experiment, analysis method, property measurement
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Students work in teams throughout this course and conduct a series of experimental themes. The learning quarters and orders could be also changed. Students can learn whole themes in Experiments of Organic and Polymeric Materials I, II and III in a different order, by taking all courses of Experiments of Organic and Polymeric Materials at 1st, 3rd and 4th quarters.Written reports must be submitted by designated dates. Students must read the experiment text before the start of each experiment to ensure safety and smooth running.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Guidance and safety training program 1 (whole experiment)|
|Class 2||Safety training program 2 (chemicals and chemical experiment operations)|
|Class 3||Measurement of crystal growth rate for polymeric materials||Understanding of crystallization mechanism through actual crystal growth measurement and molecular mechanics.|
|Class 4||Analysis of measured data and fitting between results and theoretical data for crystallization temperature dependence|
|Class 5||Introduction of molecular mechanics I. Chain conformation and intramolecular interaction|
|Class 6||Introduction of molecular mechanics II. Intermolecular interaction and mechanism of crystallization|
|Class 7||Introduction for organic electronics||Learning basic techniques for organic synthesis. Learning characterization methods of organic molecules for structural determination.|
|Class 8||Synthesis of indigo-based molecule 1: acetylation of indole|
|Class 9||Synthesis of indigo-based molecule 2: construction of indigo framework via coupling reaction|
|Class 10||Basic purification and characterization methods for organic molecules|
|Class 11||Synthesis of polystyrene (PS) beads by suspension polymerization||Basic skills for suspension polymerization. Characterization techniques for ion exchange resins, such as SEM, titration, and FT-IR. Basic skills for kinetic study using gas chromatography.|
|Class 12||Sulfonation of the PS beads and SEM measurement|
|Class 13||Acid-base titration and FT-IR measurement for the characterization of the PS beads|
|Class 14||Esterification reaction catalyzed by the sulfonated PS beads and quantitative analysis by GC-MS|
|Class 15||Course for data processing 1 (numerical treatment, fitting, smoothing, etc.)||Leaning numerical treatment of obtained data etc.|
SAFETY HANDBOOK, Tokyo Institute of Technology (in Japanese)
Reference books, course materials, etc.
Full attendance and completion of all experiments are compulsory. Assessment is based on the quality of the written reports and on the status of submission thereof. Students may fail this course if they repeatedly come late to classes or often delay the submission of reports.
No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related courses is desirable.