Crystal chemistry is one of the most important studies in materials science because various functional devices made of crystalline materials have been developed based on the knowledge of crystal chemistry. This course introduces the chemical principles behind crystals as well as description of structure-property relations in crystals, which forms the basis of crystal chemistry. Topics also include X-ray structure determination which is how to know crystal structures of representative inorganic materials. The former half of the lecture focuses fundamental of X-ray diffraction and their use in structure determination in inorganic crystals. The letter half of the lecture is for relationship between crystal structure and physical properties on inorganic crystals will be explained.
The purpose of this lecture is to understand technique and its mechanism of structure determination of inorganic crystals as well as relationship between crystal structure and physical properties on inorganic materials. Furthermore, this lecture aims to give the students the ability to design functional inorganic materials and think the application, through the learning of the relationship.
Crystal structure, X-ray diffraction, Chemical bond, Inorganic crystal
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
1) Towards the end of class, students are given exercise problems related to what is taught on that day to solve.
2) Attendance is taken in every class.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Crystal form and symmetry||Explain the definition of crystal|
|Class 2||Point group, Plane group, Space group||Understanding concepts of point group, plane group, space group|
|Class 3||Characteristics of X-rays: white X-ray and characteristic X-ray||Understanding generation mechanism and application of white X-ray and characteristic X-ray|
|Class 4||X-ray diffraction (1): scattering X-rays, atomic scattering factor||Understanding scattering X-rays and atomic scattering factor influencing X-ray diffraction intensity|
|Class 5||X-ray diffraction (2): crystal structure factor, Fourier series, reflection condition||Understanding crystal structure factor, Fourier series, reflection condition influencing X-ray diffraction intensity|
|Class 6||X-ray diffraction (3): Laue function, reciprocal space||Understanding Laue function, reciprocal space influencing X-ray diffraction intensity|
|Class 7||X-ray diffraction (4): multiplicity, absorption factor, temperature factor||Understanding multiplicity, absorption factor, temperature factor influencing X-ray diffraction intensity|
|Class 8||X-ray structure determination||Understanding process of structure determination by X-ray diffraction|
|Class 9||Chemical bonds: Metallic bond, Ionic bond, Covalent bond||Understanding chemical bonds in inorganic crystals|
|Class 10||Ionic radius and coordination number||Understanding ionic radius and coordination number in inorganic crystals|
|Class 11||Packing structure and Pauling's rules||Understanding cubic closed packing, hexagonal closed packing, and Pauling's rules|
|Class 12||Structure and physical property of inorganic crystals (1): NaCl-, ZnS(c)-, ZnS(h)-, NiAs-type structures||Understanding structure and physical property of NaCl-, ZnS(c)-, ZnS(h)-, NiAs-type crystals|
|Class 13||Structure and physical property of inorganic crystals (2): TiO2-, CaF2-, Al2O3-type structures||Understanding structure and physical property of TiO2-, CaF2-, Al2O3-type crystals|
|Class 14||Structure and physical property of inorganic crystals (3): perovskite-, spinel -type structures||Understanding structure and physical property of perovskite- and spinel-type crystals|
|Class 15||Structure and physical property of inorganic crystals (4): silicates||Understanding structure and physical property of silicate crystals|
Course materials are provided during class.
1) Students will be assessed on their understanding of "X-ray structure determination" and "Relationship between crystal structure and physical properties on inorganic crystal".
2) Students' course scores are based on midterm and final exams (80%) and exercise problem in every class(20%).
Students must have successfully completed Crystal and Phonon (MAT.C202) or have equivalent knowledge.