2019 Kinetics of Chemical Reaction (Ceramics course)

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Materials Science and Engineering
Instructor(s)
Ikoma Toshiyuki  Matsushita Nobuhiro 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue5-6(S7-201)  Fri5-6(S7-201)  
Group
-
Course number
MAT.C204
Credits
2
Academic year
2019
Offered quarter
2Q
Syllabus updated
2019/3/18
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
Japanese
Access Index

Course description and aims

This course introduces the fundemental knowledge and principle of kinetic model and transport property for gas molecules, diffusion equation, reacion kinetics, mechanism of reaction. The reaction equations to produce materials look simple, but it actually composed of complex reactions. The driving force of these reactions depends on motion, transport and diffusion for molecules, and students are required to understand elementary reactions by way of experiment. Thus, the mechanism of reactions from chemical reaction rate based on temporal response should be comprehended and expressed, and students reach to understand mechanism of reactions.

Student learning outcomes

At the end of this course, students will be able to understand and explain principles of chemical reaction rate from both reaction dynamics to produce materials and kinetic theroy of molecules.

Keywords

Transport Property of Gas, Motion in Liquid, Diffusion Equation, Mechanism of Reaction, Interpretation of Reaction Rate Equation, Collisional Theory, Transition State Theory

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
- - - -

Class flow

This lecture is given by distribution of necessary handout and blackboard demonstration. Students are given exercise problems related to the lecture given that day to solve. Required learning should be completed outside of the classroom for preparation and review purposes.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Kinetic theory of molecules, noKinetics of gas molecules: Model, Speed Interpretation of Maxwell distribution of speeds
Class 2 Kinetics of gases : Collision frequency, Mean free path, Collision flux, Exit velocity Quantitative understanding of gas molecule kinetics
Class 3 Transport property of ideal gas : Phenomenogical equation, Transport parameters Fick's first law of diffusion
Class 4 Molecular motion in liquid : Conductivity of elecrolyte,Mobility of ions Conductivity of electrolyte, Strong and Weak electrolytes, Drift speed, Transport number, Ion-Ion interaction
Class 5 Diffusion : Thermoodynamic interpretation Thermodynamic force attributed to concentration gradient, Rederivation of Fick's first law of diffusion, Einstein relation, Nernst-Einstein equation, Stokes-Einstein equation
Class 6 Diffusion equation : Consentration and diffusion distance, Statistical understanding Fick's second law of diffusion
Class 7 Experimental chemical kinetics of a chemical reaction(1): Experimental method, Reaction rate Introduction of reaction rates
Class 8 Experimental chemical kinetics of a chemical reaction(2): Integrated rate equation, relaxation, temperature-dependent reaction rate Integrated rate equation, Relaxation method, temperature dependence
Class 9 Interpretation of rate quation(1): Elementary reaction, consecutive elementary reaction, rate-determining step elementary reaction, consecutive elementary reaction
Class 10 Interpretation of rate equation(2): Steady-state approximation, unimolecular reaction Lindemann-Hinshelwood mechanism
Class 11 Complex reacion rate: Chain reaction Rice-Herzfeld mechanism
Class 12 Complex reaction rate: Enzyme reaction Michaelis-Menten mechanism
Class 13 Molecular reaction dynamics(1): Collisional theory Collisional theory
Class 14 Molecular reaction dynamics(2): Transition state theory Transition state theory
Class 15 Molecular reaction dyanamics(3): Dynamics of molecular collision Dynamics of molecular collision

Textbook(s)

Hideaki Chihara, Nobuo Nakamura, Atkins Physical Chemistry, TokyoKagakuDojin

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Keith J. Laidler, Reaction kinetics I, in Japanese, Sangyo-tosho, Tominaga Keii, Reaction kinetics, Tokyokagakudojin

Assessment criteria and methods

Students will be assessed on their understanding of molecular motion, diffusion equation, reaction rate equation, molecular reacion dynamics, and their ability to apply them to solve problems. The student's course scores are based on final exams (80%) and exercises (20%).

Related courses

  • MAT.C311 : Kinetics of Defect and Diffusion in Solid
  • MAT.C316 : Biomaterials Science
  • MAT.C315 : Fundamentals of Single Crystal and Thin Film Processing
  • MAT.C206 : Ceramic Processing

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

No prerequisites

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