2018 Characterization of Metals and Alloys

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Materials Science and Engineering
Sone Masato  Inamura Tomonari  Sannomiya Takumi 
Course component(s)
Mode of instruction
Day/Period(Room No.)
Tue3-4(S8-101)  Fri3-4(S8-101)  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
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Course description and aims

This course focuses on the basics of diffraction from crystal as a tool to know the crystal structure, and covers X-ray diffraction and electron diffraction, since the properties of metallic materials are governed by crystal structure and microstructure. Emphasis is also placed on the geometric and wave optics to understand electron microscopy and various related analyses. Principle of calorimetric analysis is also explained on the basis of the thermodynamics to analyze phase transformation.

Student learning outcomes

At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Have an understanding of basic principles to measure and analyze crystal structure, microstructure and phase transition that are essential in metallurgy.


Lattice and crystal structure, interference of wave, structure factor, X-ray diffraction method, scanning electron microscope (SEM) , Explain Energy Dispersion X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, Energy Dispersion X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, Calorimetric analysis

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Attendance is taken in every class

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Lattice, crystal structure and stereoprojection Review lattice, crystal structure and stereoprojection.
Class 2 Scattering of X-ray Explain the Thomson scattering and atomic form factor.
Class 3 Diffraction from crystal Explain the reciprocal lattice and Laue function.
Class 4 X-ray diffraction (1) Powder diffraction Explain basics of powder diffraction.
Class 5 X-ray diffraction (2) Various diffraction method Explain Laue method, thin-film method and pole figure measurement.
Class 6 Imaging and microscopy Revisit basic lens optics and imaging.
Class 7 Mechanism of transmission electron microscopy Review basic structures and functions of transmission electron microscopes.
Class 8 Electron diffraction Explain kinematical diffraction theory.
Class 9 Bright field and dark field images Explain image contrasts originating from diffraction.
Class 10 High resolution electron microscopy Explain how lattice images are obtained.
Class 11 Structure and principle of scanning electron microscope Explain basic structure of scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the obsevation principle
Class 12 Elemental analysis by scanning electron microscope Explain Energy Dispersion X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy
Class 13 Crystalline orientation analysis by scanning electron microscope Explain Electron Back Scatter Diffraction Pattern(EPSD)
Class 14 Thermodynamics of phase transition Review thermodynamics of phase transition
Class 15 Calorimetric analysis Explain calorimetric analysis including DSC, Tg, DTA and etc.


None required.

Reference books, course materials, etc.

None required.

Assessment criteria and methods

1) Students are assessed on their understanding of diffraction from crystal, imaging principle of electron microscopy, principle of elemental analysis and principle of calorimetric analysis.
2) Student's course scores are based on midterm and final exams (70%) and exercise problems (30%).
3) Full attendance is compulsory.

Related courses

  • MAT.M201 : Fundamentals of Crystallography

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related course is desirable.

Contact information (e-mail and phone)    Notice : Please replace from "[at]" to "@"(half-width character).

Tomonari Inamura inamura.t.aa[at]m.titech.ac.jp
Masato Sone sone.m.aa[at]m.titech.ac.jp
Takumi Sannomiya sannomiya.t.aa[at]m.titech.ac.jp

Office hours

Contact by e-mail in advance to schedule an appointment.

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