To investigate the chemical reaction rate is important to elucidate the mechanism of chemical reaction. Chemical reaction kinetics is the academic field that deals with its reaction rate. This chemical reaction kinetics is widely applied to fields such as nanoscience, life science, environmental science, space science, material science and material engineering. In this lecture, the theoretical handling of the chemical reaction rate with respect to the kinetics of chemical reactions (kinetics) will be mainly explained by taking gas molecules and reactions of molecules in solution as examples.
[Objective] By taking this lecture, you will learn the fundamentals of molecular theory of gas, transport phenomena and diffusion, reaction kinetics, reaction mechanism, which are important basic concepts for chemistry and material engineering.
[Theme] Chemical reaction rate is generally expressed by the rate of change with time of a substance which changes according to reaction. It is also important to investigate the reaction rate to clarify the mechanism of chemical reaction. In the lecture on chemical reaction kinetics dealing with this reaction rate, the theoretical handling of the chemical reaction rate with respect to the kinetics of chemical reactions (kinetics) will be explained as an example of the reaction of molecules in gas molecules and solution.
Molecular kinetics of gas, transportation, movement, potential, diffusion equation, Fick's first law, Fick's second law, reaction rate equation, collision theory, transition state, molecular dynamics
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
I will check attendance every class.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Thermodynamics and chamical kinetics||Discuss the diffrence of thermodynamics and chemical kinetics and the difinition of reaction rate|
|Class 2||Rate law of chemical elemental reaction||Discuss the difinition of chemical elemental reation and the rate law.|
|Class 3||Determination of chemical reaction order||Discuss the chemical reaction order and how to determine the order.|
|Class 4||Reaction rate equation of complex eaction||Discuss the reaction rate equation of complex reaction and how to solve the equation.|
|Class 5||Various complex recations||Discuss the various complex recation on chemical kinetics and how to solve the reaction equation|
|Class 6||Approximation method on chemical kinetics||Discuss the approximation method on chemical kinetic|
|Class 7||Laplace transform technique||Discuss Laplace transform technique on chemical kinetics|
|Class 8||Diffusion equation (1): Fick's 1st law||Fick's 1st law for substance in diffusion phenomena|
|Class 9||Diffusion equation (2): Fick's 2nd law||Fick's 2nd law for substance in diffusion phenomena|
|Class 10||Reaction rate and equilibrium constant||Rate of speed in chemical reaction, reaction rate equation, velocity measurement|
|Class 11||Equilibrium state||Equilibrium state in chemical reaction|
|Class 12||Theory of reaction mechanism (1): elementary reaction and velocity equation||Correlation between elementary reaction of chemical reaction and rate equation|
|Class 13||Theory of Reaction Mechanism (2): Qualitative Understanding of Reaction Mechanism||Reaction Mechanism in Chemical Reaction Kinetic Viewpoint|
|Class 14||Theory of reaction mechanism (3): Collision theory and diffusion controlled reaction||The connection between macro discussion of chemical reaction and micro-level discussion on molecular level|
|Class 15||Confirm your understanding with exercise problems to summarize the course: Solve exercise problems covering the contents of classes||Solve exercise problems covering the contents of classes 1-14.|
Documents to be distributed in lessons.
1) Evaluate the degree of comprehension of gas and liquid transport and migration phenomena, diffusion equations, reaction kinetics, reaction mechanisms. 2) Evaluate grades by the final exam (70%) and the exercise (30%). 3) All attendance is in principle.
You cannot take "MAT.P203：Physical Chemistry (Reaction Dynamics)" and "MAT.C204：Kinetics of Chemical Reaction (Ceramics course)", simultaneously.
Masato Sone: sone.m.aa[at]m.titech.ac.jp, Kenichi Kawamura: kawamura[at]mtl.titech.ac.jp