2016 Kinetics of Defect and Diffusion in Solid

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Academic unit or major
Undergraduate major in Materials Science and Engineering
Shinozaki Kazuo 
Course component(s)
Day/Period(Room No.)
Mon3-4(S7-202)  Thr3-4(S7-202)  
Course number
Academic year
Offered quarter
Syllabus updated
Lecture notes updated
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Course description and aims

Various phenomena shown in ceramic materials are based on the defect formation and their diffusion. In this course, the basic knowledge of the kinds of defects, the defect formation and diffusion of matter through defects are provided. As an application of the defect and the diffusion, the solid state reaction and the sintering have to be understood through kinetics point of view.

Student learning outcomes

At the end of this course, students will be able to:
1) Have the overview and systematic understanding of the kinetics of the solid state reaction.
2) Have the basic understandings of the defect formation and the diffusion.
3) Understand the solid state reaction and the sintering via the kinetics point of view.


Defect, Diffusion, Fick's law, Electrical properties, Solid state reaction, Sintering, Driving force of sintering

Competencies that will be developed

Intercultural skills Communication skills Specialist skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills
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Class flow

Exercise problems will be given. Attendance is taken in every class.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Course overview, lattice defect (1) : kind of defects, defect and crystal structure, description of defects Student understand the course contents, and have to explain the kinds of defects and their notations.
Class 2 Lattice defect (2) : thermodynamics in defects, defect formation and equation, association of defects Students have to explain the thermodynamics of defect formation and defect formation equation.
Class 3 Lattice defect (3) : application of defect equation, defect in Zirconium oxide ceramics, defect and electrical properties Students have to explain the defects formed in Zirconium oxide ceramics and their electrical properties.
Class 4 Diffusion (1) : diffusion mechanism, diffusion constant and mobility, non steady-state diffusion, mathematical anaalysis Students have to explain the diffusion mechanism.
Class 5 Diffusion (2) : diffusion in ionic crystals (alkaline halide, metal oxide), relation between ionic conductivity and diffusion Students have to explain the diffusion in ionic crystals.
Class 6 Diffusion (3) : diffusion and crystal structure, surface and grain boundary diffusion, solid state properties and diffusion Students have to explain the diffusion passes and their relation with the properties.
Class 7 Intermediate exam of defect structure and properties Intermediate exam will be conducted.
Class 8 Solid state reaction (1) : thermodynamics and kinetics in solid state reaction Students have to explain the thermodynamics and the kinetics of the solid state reactions.
Class 9 Solid state reaction (2) : mechanisms of solid state reaction Students have to classify and explain the kinds of solid state reactions
Class 10 Solid state reaction (3) : kinetics of planar reaction, oxidation reaction, additive reaction, topo-chemical reaction Students have to derive the reaction rate equation for the solid state reaction based on the planar diffusion.
Class 11 Solid state reaction (4) : characteristics of powder reaction, rate-determining stage in solid state reaction, Jander's equation Students have to explain the realistic solid-state-reaction systems.
Class 12 Sintering (1) : thermodynamics in interface, solid state sintering, liquid phase sintering, reaction sintering Students have to explain thermodynamics at the interface and the kinds of sintering.
Class 13 Sintering (2) : pressure at interface, sintering mechanism, microstructure change Students have to explain the driving force of the sintering and the relations between the driving force and the diffusion.
Class 14 Sintering (3) : sintering mechanisms, sintering equations Students have to explain about the material transportation pass and the sintering mechanism
Class 15 Sintering (4):factors affect to sintering process. recent prograss in sintering. Students have to explain the factors those affect the sintering behavior.


Noda et al., Inorganic Materials Chemistry I, Standard Course of Applied Chemistry 24, Corona Pub. (1977)

Reference books, course materials, etc.

All materials used in class can be found on OCW-i.
Referencd book,
W.D.Kingery et al., Introduction to Ceramics, second ed., John Wiley & Sons (1976)

Assessment criteria and methods

Students’ course scores are based on final exams, exercise problems, reports.

Related courses

  • MAT.A204 : Thermodynamics of Materials
  • MAT.C204 : Kinetics of Chemical Reaction (Ceramics course)
  • MAT.C206 : Ceramic Processing

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

No prerequisites are necessary, but enrollment in the related fields (Thermodynamics, Kinetics of Chemical Reaction) is desirable.

Contact information (e-mail and phone)    Notice : Please replace from "[at]" to "@"(half-width character).

ksino[at]ceram.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-2518

Office hours

Contact by e-mail or phone in advance to schedule an appointment.

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