Plasma is electrically neutral ionized gas consisting of electrons and ions. Plasma plays an important role in modern engineering. Theory and concepts dealing with the plasma are fairly common in the electrical and electronic engineering.
In this course, students will learn from the basics of plasma physics, plasma generation, measurement, to industrial applications of plasma.
It includes excitation and ionization, motion of charged particles in electromagnetic fields, plasma as particles, plasma as fluid, collision and transportation, confinement of plasma, wave in the plasma, and plasma measurement.
[Goal] The concept and discussion of plasma physics have become one of the fundamentals in all aspects of science and engineering. In particular, electrical and electronic engineers and researchers must learn plasma physics as well as electromagnetism. The goal is to understand fundamentals and applications of plasmas from the viewpoints of engineering, starting from movement of charged particles in electromagnetic field, characteristics as a group of charged particles, and ionization phenomena.
Plasma, discharge, ionization, excitation, Bltzmann equation, drift motion, magnetic moment, dispersion relation, sheath, thermonuclear fusion
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
Each lecture uses PowerPoint or the blackboard. Free software uploaded to the internet will be used as necessary, and simple calculation problems will be suggested. Please read carefully the learning goals for each class and review sufficiently. To confirm your understanding a small test may be carried out, so please bring a scientific calculator.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Introduction. What is plasma?||Students shall understand contents of this lecture.|
|Class 2||Basic processes in gas||Students shall understand basic processes in gas such as particle collision.|
|Class 3||Generation of plasma||Students shall understand generation process of discharge plasma.|
|Class 4||Mass properties of plasma||Students shall understand mass properties of plasma such as plasma oscillation.|
|Class 5||Atomic/molecular process in plasma||Students shall understand atomic/molecular process in plasma such as collision, excitation, ionization, emission.|
|Class 6||Physical phenomena in weakly ionized plasma||Students shall understand physical phenomena in weakly ionized plasma.|
|Class 7||Applications and measurements of plasma||Students shall understand latest plasma applications and measurements.|
|Class 8||Confirmation of understanding of first half lecture||Confirmation test and description|
|Class 9||Kinetic theory of gases, derivation of the Boltzmann equation, and derivation of fluid equation of plasmas||Students shall understand the derivation of Boltzmann equation for describing the electron energy distribution function, and the fluid equation as the moment equation.|
|Class 10||Particle movement in plasmas, conservation of the magnetic moment, drift motion and electrical conductivity||Students shall understand the motion of plasma as charged particles, magnetic moment, various drift motions, and the electrical conductivity.|
|Class 11||Waves in plasmas (1) dispersion relation, two-fluid plasma equation, and electrostatic wave||Students shall understand various electromagnetic waves and electrostatic waves in plasma and how to derive equations describing them to understand the dispersion relation. In addition, they shall understand the necessity in which case we must describe the motion of ions separately, and the characteristics of electrostatic wave as longitudinal wave.|
|Class 12||Waves in plasmas (2) electromagnetic waves, dynamic equilibrium and stability of plasmas||Students shall derive the equations describing electromagnetic waves in a magnetic field from the equations describing the dispersion relation, and understand the CMA diagram. They shall also understand the basics of confinement of fusion plasma.|
|Class 13||Boundary conditions of plasmas - sheath and presheath, probe measurement||Students shall understand the structure of sheath, as the boundary of the plasma and the substances in plasma. They shall also understand the probe measurement as its application.|
|Class 14||Numerical simulation of plasmas||Students shall understand the two plasma simulation techniques; the fluid method and the particle method. And they shall perform case study of each application.|
|Class 15||Contemporary R&D topics of thermonuclear fusion plasmas||Students shall understand a variety of plasma fusion methods and the current status of the R & D issues.|
Ken Yukimura "Discharge plasma engineering", Ohm-sha
Masanori Akasaki "Fundamentals of plasma engineering", Sabgyo-tosho
Yasuyoshi Yasaka "Discharge plasma engineering", Morikita-shuppan
Ryouichi Hanaoka "High voltage engineering", Morikita-shuppan
Exercises in each lecture (70%), confirmation of understandings and term examination (30%)
Electromagnetic theory and applied mathematics of undergraduate level