Non-equilibrium thermodynamics, which is increasingly becoming important in the field of mechanical engineering recently, provides useful theoretical framework toward various transport phenomena in advanced technologies such as fuel cells, secondary batteries, thermos-electric conversion, and plasma technologies. Specifically, this theoretical framework provides a set of equations used to systematically treat multiple transport processes (e.g., transport of heat, mass, and electrical charge) that proceed simultaneously in the same space and interactions among them.
The aim of this lecture is to have students effectively learn the contents of this course first by introducing the theoretical framework and equations employing basic engineering problems as examples and then by applying them to specific engineering problems.
By completing this course, student will:
- Understand the concept and theory of thermodynamics for nonequilibrium systems
- Recognize the usefulness of the theoretical framework for treating broad engineering problems related to transport phenomena
- Become able to use/apply it to specific engineering problems
Non-equilibrium, Thermodynamics, Transport phenomena
|Intercultural skills||Communication skills||✔ Specialist skills||Critical thinking skills||Practical and/or problem-solving skills|
This course consists of eight lectures. Students are strongly encouraged to take his/her own lecture notes and review what they learned after each lecture.
|Course schedule||Required learning|
|Class 1||Outline and fundamental concept of non-equilibrium thermodynamics.||Learn fundamental concept of non-equilibrium thermodynamics and become able to explain the contents.|
|Class 2||Entropy generation, dissipation function, transport of heat/mass/charge||Learn entropy generation, dissipation function, transport of heat/mass/charge, and become able to explain the contents.|
|Class 3||Flux equation, phenomenological coefficients, Onsager reciprocal relations||Learn flux equation, phenomenological coefficients, Onsager reciprocal relations, and become able to explain the contents.|
|Class 4||Application of flux equation (1): Transport process in concentration cells||Learn transport process in concentration cells as application of flux equation, and become able to explain the contents.|
|Class 5||Application of flux equation (2): Transport process in systems under temperature gradient||Learn transport process in systems under temperature gradient as application of flux equation, and become able to explain the contents.|
|Class 6||Application of flux equation (3): Transport process in ion-exchange membranes||Learn transport process in ion-exchange membranes as application of flux equation, and become able to explain the contents.|
|Class 7||Application (1): Production process and energy transfer in plasmas||Learn production process and energy transfer in plasmas as application of nonequilibrium thermodynamics, and become able to explain the contents.|
|Class 8||Application (2): Applications of nonequilibrium plasmas||Learn applications of nonequilibrium plasmas as application of nonequilibrium thermodynamics, and become able to explain the contents.|
K. S. Forland, T. Forland, S. K. Ratkje, "Irreversible Thermodynamics: Theory and Applications" John Wiley & Sons
S. Wisniewski, B. Staniszewski, R. Szymanic, "Thermodynamics of nonequilibrium processes", PWN-Polish Scientific.
S. R. de Groot, P. Mazur, "Non-equillibrium thermodynamics", North-Holland Publishing Co. or Dover Publications.
Each lecturer gives exam to check student's understanding on the lectured contents. The grade is evaluated based on these scores. During the exam, students can only look at lecture notes that were hand-written by themselves and printed-out handout made and provided by the lecturers during this course. During the exam, students must not look at other materials such as copies of lecture notes that were made by other people, printed materials that were not distributed in this course, etc. One has to bring a scientific calculator to the exam. Use of other electronic devices including smart phones and laptop PCs is not allowed. The exam corresponding to the contents from 1st to 6th classes is held during the “make-up classes and final exam” period. Two small exams corresponding to the contents of 7th and 8th classes are held at the end of these class.
For graduate students:
For undergraduate students:
Because this is a graduate level course, the enrollment is not permitted for undergraduate students except cases when the subject of this course is highly related to his/her graduate thesis research. If one is an undergraduate student and wishes to be enrolled in this course, one first need to contact the lecturer of this course for an interview. The enrollment permission may be given based on the reasons explained in the interview.