To lecture the theories of heat generation and cooling in nuclear fission and fusion reactors based on thermal-hydraulics, and to lecture the energy conversion theory from the heat to power based on thermodynamics.
The purpose of the course is to let students to get the thermal-hydraulics theories necessary for thermal design and safety of fission and fusion nuclear reactors.
Students have the ability of theoretical calculations and/or qualitative explanation on the following items: (1) Generation of heat in nuclear reactor, (2) Heat conduction in fuel elements of nuclear reactors, (3) Single-phase flow cooling of nuclear reactors, (4) Phase changes of reactor coolants, (5) Boiling two-phase flow cooling of nuclear reactors, (6) Thermal-hydraulic phenomena related to nuclear reactor safety, (7) Energy conversion from heat to power in nuclear reactor
Fission reaction, Fusion reaction, Nuclear reactor, Blanket, Cooling, Heat conduction, Convective heat transfer, Boiling, Condensation, Two-phase flow, Thermal cycle
✔ Specialist skills | Intercultural skills | Communication skills | Critical thinking skills | Practical and/or problem-solving skills |
The instructor will give a lecture and a quiz in every class, and will return the evaluated quiz to students in the following class.
Course schedule | Required learning | |
---|---|---|
Class 1 | Generation of heat (1) Heat generation of fission and fusion reactions | Calculation of heat generation due to mass defect |
Class 2 | Generation of heat (2) Heat generation in coolant, structural and shield materials and decay heat | Calculation of decay heat |
Class 3 | Heat conduction (1) Temperature distribution in fuel element | Calculation of temperature difference between center and surface in fuel element |
Class 4 | Heat conduction (2) Temperature distributions in fuel cladding, structural materials and first wall | Calculation of temperature distribution in thermal shield |
Class 5 | Energy of thermal fluids (first law of thermodynamics, internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, vaporization, boiling point) | Calculation of Energy of thermal fluids |
Class 6 | Temperature on surface of fuel element (convective and radiation heat transfer) | Calculation of temperature at the surface of fuel element |
Class 7 | Laws of heat transfer and dimensionless numbers (Laws of cooling and heat conduction, thermal resistance, characteristic length, hydraulic diameter, dimensionless numbers, Heisler charts) | Calculations of problems related to the class contents. |
Class 8 | Heat transfer by forced convection (Laminar flow and turbulent flow, flow along a flat plate, flow in a tube/duct, boundary conditions, entrance region, friction factor and pressure drop, Moody chart) | Calculations of problems related to the class contents. |
Class 9 | Heat transfer by natural convection and thermal radiation (Fundamental equations, underlying relations, and correlation equations of natural convection, mixed convection, laws of thermal radiation, electrical network analogy for thermal radiation problems, judgement of dominance between natural convection and thermal radiation heat transfers) | Calculations of problems related to the class contents. |
Class 10 | Applications to real systems and evaluation of performances (Fin and fin efficiency, condensers, heat exchangers, log mean temperature difference and overall heat transfer coefficient, some useful knowledge) | Calculations of problems related to the class contents. |
Class 11 | Boiling two-phase flow (1) Gas-liquid two-phase flow (flow regime, two-phase flow theory) | Explanation about the flow regime of two-phase flows |
Class 12 | Boiling two-phase flow (2) Boiling two-phase flow (heat transfer, steam quality, critical heat flux)steam-liquid droplet separation | Calculation of steam quality in boiling two-phase flow |
Class 13 | Thermal-hydraulic phenomena related to fast and fusion reactors (liquid metals and molten salts) | Explanation of thermal-hydraulic phenomena dealt with in lecture |
Class 14 | Energy conversion from heat to power in nuclear reactor (steam and gas turbine cycles, thermal efficiencies) | Explanation of thermal-hydraulic phenomena dealt with in lecture |
To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.
Text can be supplied form the lecturers.
[1]S. Glasstone & A. Sesonske, Nuclear reactor Engineering (4th ed.), Chapman & Hall
[2] R. Byron Bird, et al., Transport Phenomena (2nd ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
[3] H. Schlichting & K. Gersten, Boundary Layer Theory (8th ed.), Springer
Quiz and Report of given subjects
It is to be desired for students to have studied thermodynamics, fluid engineering, heat transfer and thermal engineering,
Prof. Yukitaka Kato：kato.y.ae[at]m.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-2967
Prof. Yoichi Murakami：murakami.y.af[at]m.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-3836
Associate Prof. Hiroshige Kikura：kikura.h.aa[at]m.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-3058
Associate Prof. Masatoshi Kondo: kondo.m.ai[at]m.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-3065
Assistant Prof. Hideharu Takahashi: takahashi.h.av[at]m.titech.ac.jp, 03-5734-2377