2020 Application of Accelerators and Radiation

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Academic unit or major
Graduate major in Nuclear Engineering
Instructor(s)
Oguri Yoshiyuki  Katabuchi Tatsuya 
Course component(s)
Lecture
Mode of instruction
ZOOM
Day/Period(Room No.)
Thr1-2(原講571, North Bidg. 2, 5F-571)  
Group
-
Course number
NCL.A404
Credits
1
Academic year
2020
Offered quarter
2Q
Syllabus updated
2020/9/18
Lecture notes updated
-
Language used
English
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Course description and aims

This course is intended to provide an overview of industrial, medical, agricultural and scientific application of radiation obtained from particle accelerators and radioisotopes.
Emphasis is given not only to explain principles of these techniques, but also to show how they are used in practical cases.

Student learning outcomes

By the end of this course, students will be able to:
1. Explain basic principles of various kinds of techniques based on radiation-matter interaction.
2. Gain knowledge of trends in radiation application, which is an important part of nuclear engineering.
3. Understand the importance of this field of science and technology in modern society.

Keywords

Accelerator, radioisotope, medical application, materials science, radiation-matter interaction, nuclear reaction, industrial application, ion beam, neutron beam, electron beam, X-ray

Competencies that will be developed

Specialist skills Intercultural skills Communication skills Critical thinking skills Practical and/or problem-solving skills

Class flow

Course materials are available at OCW-i.

Course schedule/Required learning

  Course schedule Required learning
Class 1 Production of radioisotopes and its application Explain production methods of radioisotopes and its application.
Class 2 Neutron capture therapy Explain principle of neutron capture therapy and its advantages.
Class 3 Industrial application of neutron beams Explain industrial application of neutron beams.
Class 4 Nuclear transmutation of long-lived radioactive nuclides using accelerators Explain principle of nuclear transmutation of long-lived radioactive nuclides using accelerators, and its advantages.
Class 5 Materials characterization based on ion beams Explain basic principles of materials characterization by RBS (Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry), PIXE (Particle-Induced X-ray Emission), ERDA (Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis) and NRA (Nuclear Reaction Analysis).
Class 6 (1) Ion implantation (2) Heavy-ion cancer therapy (3) Non-destructive testing (1) Explain principle of ion implantation technique for materials processing and its advantage. (2) Explain principle of cancer therapy using high-energy heavy-ion beams and its advantage (3) Explain non-destructive inspection techniques for thick samples using high-energy photons.
Class 7 (1) Modification of polymer materials (2) Food irradiation (3) Insect eradication (1) Explain modification of polymer materials by radiation-induced chemical reactions (2) Explain food irradiation for sterilization and sprout inhibition. (3) Explain insect eradication technique based on radiation-induced sterility.

Out-of-Class Study Time (Preparation and Review)

To enhance effective learning, students are encouraged to spend approximately 100 minutes preparing for class and another 100 minutes reviewing class content afterwards (including assignments) for each class.
They should do so by referring to textbooks and other course material.

Textbook(s)

None required

Reference books, course materials, etc.

Wolfgang Sauerwein,‎ Andrea Wittig,‎ Raymond Moss and‎ Yoshinobu Nakagawa (Editors), "Neutron Capture Therapy: Principles and Applications", Springer, ISBN-13: 978-3642313332 (2012).
Michael Nastasi,‎ James W. Mayer and‎ Yongqiang Wang, "Ion Beam Analysis: Fundamentals and Applications", CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-1439846384 (2014).
Arabinda Kumar Rath and‎ Narayan Sahoo (Editors), "Particle Radiotherapy: Emerging Technology for Treatment of Cancer", Springer, ISBN-13: 978-8132226215 (2016).
R. Halmshaw, "Industrial Radiology: Theory and practice (Non-Destructive Evaluation Series)", Springer, ISBN-13: 978-0412627804 (1995).

Assessment criteria and methods

Term Paper

Related courses

  • NCL.N401 : Basic Nuclear Physics
  • NCL.N402 : Neutron Transport Theory
  • NCL.A403 : Particle Accelerator Engineering

Prerequisites (i.e., required knowledge, skills, courses, etc.)

Students must have successfully completed "NCL.N401: Basic Nuclear Physics", "NCL.N402: Neutron Transport Theory" and "NCL.A403: Particle Accelerator Engineering", or have equivalent knowledge.

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